Puslapio vaizdai

please his palate, and such as he can meet with no where else.

If the most indefatigable industry, in bringing to light articles, from hitherto untouched recesses of Jearning, the utmost accuracy in compiling and new modelling those that have been already published ; if the greatest deference, and the most exact regard to the performances of our correspondents, and the moft earnest attention to whatever may at once please and instruct, can qualify us to be candidates for future favour, we are in hopes to merit the continuance of the public indulgence.

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GENTLEMEN, **N the description of fhall consider the most common

sta initrument and simple cases.
Ya published fome time 11, In drawing all teeth, the pa-
Vaste ago in this Maga- tient's head should be held by an
#zine, I was obliged, affiftant, in the required position.
among several other

zdly, The forceps is always to things, to omit the manner of using be held in the right-hand, and the it in all cases; and I was the less fulcrum in the left. folicitous about this deficiency, be. 3dly, The tooth, after being first cause I knew not what reception it freed from the gums, if the surgeon might meet from the public, by thinks it necessary, is to be griped whose judgment I would always be as low as posible by the forceps, determined, and not by my own. which is to be held gently and

Having found, however, that the steadily to prevent pain ; and in most eminent surgeons have been that direction in which it is to act, pleased to pay a good deal of at- until the fulcrum is placed under it tention to what I offered ; and as a in such a manner, as that the part great many gentlemen defire some which is covered with leather, may directions for its use in particular be evenly over half the tooth next cases, I shall, in as few words as the offended one, and over as many possible, endeavour to remove every more as it can conveniently cover. difficulty of this kind; and, first, I 4thly, The surgeon then holding

A 2


the tooth (vid. 2.) sufficiently fast them': this may be done by removto prevent nipping the hold, de- ing the fulcrum farther from the presses the handle of the forceps in tooth to be drawn, than was directed the direction of the tooth on which at 3; and if this cannot be done, the fulcrum rests; and if he meets the cushion of the fulcrum may be with considerable resistance, he is contrived to make the pressure as to use the turn outwards, which I great upon the low, as upon the recommended before, thereby add- prominent ones. ing in some measure the action of Tothly, When the teeth grow in the key-instrument to the streight various directions inwards, outand safer effort already employed. wards, or to a side, we should, if

5thly, The tooth is never to be poflible, avoid pressing much on pinched harder than is necessary to those that tant most, efpecially furnith a safe grip; for altho’ the those that face outwards ; we should instrument is made to afford a con- divide the pressure; (vid. 9.) and if fiderable power, it is not intended we must lean on those that Nant that this power should be applied outwards, all danger and pain may towards breaking a tooth, but to easily be prevented, by cautiously wards drawing it: the force there- forcing in the direction of the ill set fore that is necessary here, as it can- teeth. not be expressed, should be learned 11155, Numbers of people have by experience on the dead Subject. either two perfect or imperfect rows

6thly, In drawing all the teeth of teeth in one jaw, and would of the lower jaw, the patient is to willingly get rid of the innermost fit before the light, and the surgeon set, which generally are the super(after obferving the things mention- fluous and offensive ones, provided in 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,) standing on the ed a proper instrument could be left-side, may draw the fore-teeth found: this, and only this, in all and those of the right-side ; and such cases, may be safely and constanding on the right, he may veniently used with the above draw those of the left.

directions. 71bly, In drawing the teeth of 12tbly, I said, before, that the the upper jaw, the patient is to lie gums may be removed before we upon his back, and the surgeon draw a tooth, if the surgeon pleases: tanding at his head, and a little to the practice is undoubtedly good in the left-Side, may draw (vid. 1, 2, 3, the usual method of operating, but 4, 5,) the teeth of the right, and I cannot think that such a precauvice versa, as at 6.

tion is necessary here ; for in using 8thly, The fore-teeth of the up- this instrument, I never found the per-jaw are most conveniently ex- gums to adhere to the tooth, altho! tracted when the patient is placed in the same jaw it has frequently as at 7, and when the surgeon happened to the key-instrument. stands on the right-side.

The reason of this is, I believe, bes gihly, Next, when teeth rise un- cause this last always catches the equally one above another, care gums between its heel and the joust be taken that the fulcrum tooth, and thereby prevents the does not rest entirely upon one of adhesion from being broke, which otherwise would easily yield with fore it is entirely disengaged from less pain, than cutting must neces- its connexions, and still the curvasarily occasion.


ture is imperceptible, agreeable to Having looked over the first en- the demonftration. gravings in too much hafte, an er- The remainder of the line o k is a ror of the engraver, in the sth portion of a circle which the infigure annexed to my former pa- ftrument never describes, and its per on this subje&, escaped my no- remarkable curvature and contratice, and was published. The line diction to my meaning, and to the ok should not extend farther above fact itself, may, without this correce than the line b does ; for even tion, lead the reader into doubts and this is much greater than the space objections. through which a tooth moves, be

Yours, &c. B. H.

On the Origin of Bags and Queues.


S bags and queues are of late it not be better to spend time in

years become so much in something more interesting to the vogue, and even countenanced at public ?-But softly, Sir ; be plea' court, I have been recollecting the sed to consider that nothing can be origin of these ornaments for the of more importance to mankind head, and remember, that above than the furniture of the head; forty years ago they were worn in and this, I hope, will be deemed as France by none but footmen and useful a way of employing time, as soldiers; the former having their writing about the preliminaries : hair tied behind in black leather therefore, with your leave, I fall bags, and the latter put theirs in proceed with the subject. the form of a queue, i.e. a tail.

In the course of some years, the This the footmen did for fake of French ladies began to think that cleanliness, (and also for dispatch in the footmen looked smarter than dressing their heads) as it was their maiters, and had a more deemed indecent that they should genteel air. This, indeed, had alwait at table with long hair flow- ways been the case of most of them, ing about their shoulders ; and hair but was not entirely owing to the cut hort, or round heads, was the bag: however, young noblemen priests fashion, and bob-wigs for and gentlemen, and even many old luch as were bald. The soldiers ones, adopted the bag, and got wore tails, as they still do, for con. them made of silk instead of leather, veniency, and likewise to make a the latter manufacture ftill being difference between them and the worn by the valets. But though footmen, in the decorating of the our countrymen have always had to head.

great a propensity to ape the Now you'll perhaps say, to what French in fashions, it was a long purpose is it to write about bags while before they could be brought ad tails at this juncture? Would to take up with bags; and every


body must remember, that such a as he did not readily allow this to thing exposed the wearer to the be the cause of our becoming more jibes and insults of the mob. civil to Frenchmen and other fo

Within this twelve month an reigners, I observed to him, there Italian, with whoin I accidentally was no other way of accounting for fell into company, observed to me, it, but by ascribing it to our falling in honour of the populace of this into the fashion of bags and queues, metropolis, that they were grown whereby the mob are reconciled to more civilized than he found them such a light, which formerly used to about twenty years ago, when he make them rude and insolent to first came to England; and how to strangers. This satisfied the Italian account for it, he could not tell; gentleman, and he concluded that neither could I for some minutes, it was the most bumane fashion the but only said, I was glad he found English nobility and gentry ever the manners of our people altered took up with. For my own part, I for the better. At length, I told observed to him, that it was very him it might be owing to the en- indifferent to me how my countrycrease of news-papers, both in men set off their heads, provided number and size, several of which I had liberty to cover an ass's ears ; always contained, besides politics and that I dreaded nothing so much and public affairs, good effays in as seeing it become the universal religion and morality, &c. which fashion to wear one's own hair ; being read by the vulgar, as well because I have been as bald as a Friar as by others in better stations, could above fifteen years, though not not fail of making salutary impres- quite fifty have pafled over the head sions on the minds of many: but of your humble servant, F. S.

A Cure for the Yellow-Jaundice, communicated by the late Lord Blakeney,

who cured great Numbers thereby in Ireland, Minorca, and in this Kingdom, and which he never knew to fail.


AKE the white of an egg,

I would advise the patient to and two glasses of spring take this remedy, always at hand, water, then beat them well together, as soon as he perceives himself at. and after drink the quantity off at tacked by this nauseous distemper, a draught.

While I am writing, a maid-servant, It cools the lungs, which in this who was attacked on the gth, was distem per are always inflamed, ex- persuaded to take this remedy the pels that afthmatic disorder which day following, and it has stopped allo always, in some degree, afflicts the progress of the distemper ; the the party diseased; it speedily pro- patient has got rid of her sickness cures perspiration, invigorates the and loathing of food, and eats with animal spirits, causes digestion, and a good appetite." creates an appetite.


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