Puslapio vaizdai




employers, and at times receives small ad- the Great Spirit. He acknowledges a purga. overhanging trees afford him shelter from the

If he is economical—which he sel- tory, yet fondly hopes that in the next world He is a light-made beast (called by dom or never is — these advances may eke human shades will hunt the shades of buffalo shikárís a lodhia bágh), very active and enhim out a scanty subsistence until spring and and other animals who have lived here. during, and, from this, as well as his shyness, labor arrive. The probabilities however, When he dies, he hopes to be carried to the generally difficult to bring to bag. that he is prodigal, has his feast, and then bosom of the saints; yet he feels that his The cattle-lifter, again, is usually an older lives, in want and squalor, upon any refuse shade will linger four nights round the place and a heavier animal (called oontia bágh, from that may come to hand. Nevertheless, he of his decease ere taking its flight to the his faintly-striped coat resembling the color accepts the situation as a matter of course, village of the dead. He believes in signs of a camel), very fleshy, and indisposed to and is light-hearted through it all. At the and omens to some extent, and ties a certain severe exertion. In the cool season he fol. opening of navigation he receives another number of feathers to his horse's tail, or lows the herds of cattle wherever they go to advance, which is quickly spent; then takes paints rude emblems on bis bark canoe, to graze; and then, no doubt, in the long, damp his place on the benches of an inland boat or increase their speed. Nevertheless, he yields grass brings many a head of game also to canoe, pulls an oar hundreds of miles into implicit obedience to his priest, and obeys, in bag. In the hot weather, however, the openthe interior, and crosses long portages with his volatile way, the traditions of his Church ; ness of the forest, and the numerous fallen the huge packages of the cargo strapped to but, over all, cherishes a dim faith in the leaves, preclude a lazy monster of this sort his back. Over vast and trackless wilder- shades of shadow-land.

from getting at game; and he then locates nesses ecboes his monotonous boat - song ;

H. M. Robinson. himself in some strong cover, close to water, on many a bleak promontory shine his camp

and in the neighborhood of where the cattle fires ; and isolated posts waken into life and

are taken to drink and graze about on the joy for one day in the year at his coming. TIGER - HUNTING IN CEN- greener herbage then found by the sides of His journey made, and the cargoes excbanged


streams, and, watching his opportunity, kills with boats from yet farther inland, or distrib

a bullock as he requires it, and drags it into uted at the numerous forts on the way, the

his cover.

Of course a good many head of voyageur returns home again, receives the


game are also killed by such a tiger when remnant of his wages, to be dissipated in the

they come to drink, but so long as he can shortest possible time; then relapses into a

of tiger-hunting that renders it ipfe

easily procure cattle he does not trouble him. condition of uncertain sparring with destiny rior, as a mere exercise, or as an effort of

self to hunt for them. for diurnal sustenance. skill, to some other pursuits of these regions

Native shikáris recognize more or less If he be freighter, the life is essentially (for many a man has killed his forty or fifty

two kinds of tigers, with the names I have the same: merely exchanging the boat for the wooden carts, creaking their way in long by fair stalking, a single bull bison, or a stag tigers who has never succeeded in bagging, given above. It may be matter for specula

tion which is cause and which is effect. Is it lines over the plains, like a caravan in the sámbar), yet there is a stirring of the blood

that, as tigers grow old and heavy, they take desert. His days are spent in toil, bis nights in attacking an animal before whom every

to the easier life of cattle-lifting? Or has in fighting stinging insects, or shivering in other beast of the forest quails, and unarmed

the difference of their pursuits, continued for the cold and wet. But his good-nature never man is helpless as the mouse under the paw

generations, actually resulted in separate tires; his pipe is smoked in quiet satisfac.

of a cat-a creature at the same time match- breeds, each more adapted for its hereditary tion under all circumstances, and no occasion less in beauty of form and color, and in ter

method of existence? I myself believe the is too serious to prevent the perpetration of

rible power of offensive armature


former to be the truth, and that there really his practical joke. draws men to its continued pursuit after that

is only one variety of tiger in all peninsular The tastes of the half-breed are of a de.

of every other animal has ceased to afford India. It is only to extreme specimens that cided sort, and essentially like those of other sufficient excitement to undergo the toil of

the above distinctive names are applied; and mixed races. In apparel, he is fond of color, hunting in a tropical country.

the great majority are of an intermediate and, in most instances, exhibits good taste in the combinations he effects. Ornaments,

ticular name. in April and May, is the most favorable time

The larger and older the ani. too, are held in great favor, quality not be

for bunting the tiger. Then the water-supply mal the more yellow his coat becomes, and ing so much sought for as quantity. In this of the country is at its lowest ebb; and the

the fainter and farther apart are the stripes. regard, however, there is a marked decadence tiger, being very impatient of thirst, seeks

Small tigers are sometimes so crowded with from the extravagant ornamentation of former the lowest valleys, where, too, much of the

the black stripes as almost to approach the days. I remember when the arrival of the

game he preys on has congregated, and where appearance of a melanoid variety. The tiger, plain-hunters at our border-posts was the the village cattle are regularly watered. In

like all animals, is subject to slight variations signal of a dress-parade which, if lacking in Central India tigers vary a good deal in their

of appearance and conformation among indiartistic merit, amply atoned by its rainbow. hues and constellations of tawdry jewelry. classed into those which habitually prey on habits and range; and they may be roughly ) viduals; and local circumstances, and per

haps “natural selection,” may tend to give Osttimes the entire profits of a season's trade wild animals, those which live chiefly on do

the race something of peculiarity in different would be invested in highly-colored wearingmestic cattle, and the few that confine their

localities. But none of these has as yet, I beapparel and cheap jewelry, in which the huntdiet to the human species. Not, of course,

lieve, reached the point of even permanent er decked bis tawny family and himself, and that any tiger adheres invariably to the same

variation. paraded the adjoining camps, with all the sort of prey. But there are a large number

It is useless to devote much time to huntpride of a Hottentot chief. It was a brave

that appear to prefer each of the former ing the hill-tigers that prey on game alone. and pleasant show, nevertheless, to see these methods of existence, and a few that select

They are so scattered over extensive tracts athletic men and supple and graceful women, the latter.

of jungle, and are so active and wary, that it arrayed in holiday attire, galloping swiftly

The regular game-killing tiger is retired

is only by accident that tbey are ever brought and lightly over the green prairies. Unfor. in his habits, living chiefly among the bills,

to bag. tunately, after this parade of bravery, the retreating readily from man, and is alto.

Favorably-situated covers are almost cerdemon of thirst would seize them, and, if gether a very innocuous animal, if not even

tain to hold one or more cattle-eating tigers liquor was attainable, the rivalry of dress was succeeded by a rivalry of drink, ending herds of deer and nílgái that prey upon the positively beneficial in keeping down the during the hot weather; and, however many

are killed, others will shortly occupy their in a low debauch; for, in his tastes and appe

crops. His hot-weather haunt is usually place. A favorite resort for these tigers is tites, our half-brother follows the maternal

in the dense thickets formed of jáman, kasome rocky ravine among the hills, where pools of water remain, and shelving rocks or

róndá, and tamarisk-evergreen bushes whose The religion of the half-breed is the creed

shade is thickest in the hot weather, and of superstition. Roman Catholic in the main,

* From "The Highlands of Central India," by

which grow in islands and on the banks of be adds to its formulas a shadowy belief in Captain James Forsyth, of the Bengal Staff Corps. the partially dried-up stream-beds. A thick

e "The hot season, the height of which is character

, and not distinguished by any par


and extensive cover of this sort, particularly | impartiality. Generally there is at least one every step one takes in thick jungle; and it
if the neighboring river-banks are furnished, native in every circle of villages whose pro- is not till every effort to meet with him has
as is often the case, with a thick, scrubby fession is that of shikári, or bunter, and who been used in vain that one realizes how very
jungle of tborny bushes, through which ra- is always on the outlook to shoot the village little danger from tigers attends a mere ram-
vines lead up to the open country where cat- tiger. When he hears of a bullock having bler in the jungles. During ten years of
tle graze, is a certain find in the hot season. been killed, he proceeds to the spot, and, pretty constant roaming about on foot in the
Sometimes considerable gatherings of tigers erecting a platform of leafy boughs in the most tigerish localities of the central prov.
take place in such favorable places. I have nearest tree, watches by night for the return inces, I have only once come across a tiger
twice known five, and once seven, tigers to be of the tiger, wbo, though he may kill and lap when I was not out shooting, and only twice
driven out of one cover at the same time; the blood during the day, never feeds before more when I was not actually searching for
and I think the season of love-making has sunset. Generally he does not get a shot, tigers to shoot. In truth, excepting in the
something to do with these meetings. More the tiger being extremely suspicious when very baunts of a known man-eater, there is
usually it is a solitary male tiger, or a tiger approaching his “kill," and the shikáris be- no danger whatever in traversing any part
and tigress, or a tigress with ber grown-up | ing usually such bunglers at their work as to of the jungles of this, or I believe any other,
cubs, that are found in one place. The ti. disturb him by the noise of their prepara- part of India.
gress cannot breed more than once in three tions. Often he misses when he does shoot, Some people affect to despise the practice
years, I believe; for the cubs almost invari. the jungle-king being somewhat trying to the of using elephants in following tigers, and
ably stay with her till they are over two nerves; and if he kills one tiger in the course talk a good deal about shooting them on foot.
years old, and nearly full grown. The great- of the year he considers himself lucky. His As regards danger to the sportsman, nine-
est number of cubs I have ever found with a weapon is a long matchlock, which he loads tenths of the tigers said to be shot on foot
tigress was three. These were small, how- with six“ fingers ” of powder and two bul. are really killed from trees or rocks, where
ever, and I never saw more than two grown- lets. These fly a little apart, and if they bit the sportsman is quite secure. The only dan-
up along with the female.

are usually the deatb of the tiger. His meth- ger, then, is to the unfortunate beaters, if A single tiger will kill an ox about every od of shooting is sometimes imitated by lazy used; and when this is not the case the sport five days, if not disturbed, eating, if very hun- European sportsmen.

| generally resolves itself into an undignified gry, both hind-quarters the first night. He Another way of hunting ordinary tigers is sneaking about the outskirts of the covers, will not go farther than he can help after this to beat them out of their mid-day retreat with in the hope of getting an occasional pot-shot meal, but will return again next night to the a strong gang of beaters, supplied with from a secure position. In this method of carcass, which in the mean time he often

drums, fireworks, etc., the guns themselves hunting many more tigers are wounded than stores away under a bank, or covers with being posted at likely spots ahead. This are finally secured, the only danger lying in leaves, etc. This time he will finish all but plan is often successful, when the operations following up a wounded animal, which is the head; next night he will clean the bones; are directed by some one who knows the usually avoided; and thus an innocuous aniand then for a couple of days he will not take ground. Frequently, however, the tiger is mal is often converted into a scourge of the the trouble to hunt for a meal, though he will not found at all, and moreover he very com- country-side. A very few sportsmen do, for strike down another quarry if it comes near monly manages to escape at the sides, or a sbort period of their lives, make a prachim. Should he have been fired at, however, break back through the beat, without com- tice of hunting and shooting tigers really on when thus returning to his kill, he will fre- | ing up to the guns at all. It has also the foot; but they are seldom very successful, quently abandon such measures of economy, disadvantage of exposing the beaters to much and sooner or later get killed, or have such and kill a fresh bullock whenever he is hun- danger; and there are few who shoot in this narrow escapes as to cure them of such silly gry. A tigress and grown cubs are also far fashion who have not had more than one folly for the remainder of their days. A man more destructive, finishing a bullock in a beater killed before them. To stalk in on a on foot has no chance whatever in thick junnight, and, like the daughter of the horse- tiger in his retreat on foot is generally im- gle with a tiger that is bent on killing him. leech, always crying for more. The young practicable, as a man commands so little of a He cannot see a yard before him, and is himtigers seem to rejoice in the exercise of their view in thick cover that he rarely sees the self conspicuous to every sense of the brute, growing strength, springing up against trees tiger in time for a shot. In some places, who can completely hide in a place that looks and scratching the bark as high as they can however, where tigers lie in rocky places in- scarcely enough to conceal a rat, and can reach by way of gymnastics, and, if they get accessible to elephants, this is the only way move at will through the thickest cover withamong a herd of cattle, striking down as to do; and a very certain one it then is, out the slightest sound or stir. At the same many as they can get hold of. The tiger there being generally little cover and plenty time the sportsman who, as a rule, uses an very seldom kills his prey by the sledge- of commanding elevations whence to see and elephant in thick cover, will find quite enough hammer stroke" of his fore-paw, so often shoot. The best way of hunting the tiger is opportunities, in special cases, of testing his talked about, the usual way being to seize undoubtedly that usually adopted in Central nerve on foot, particularly if he marks down with the teeth the nape of the neck, and at India-namely, to bring in the aid of the and tracks his own game instead of employ. the same time use the paws to hold the vic- trained elephant, and follow and shoot him ing sbikárís to do so. Even on the elephant tim, and give a purchase for the wrench that in his mid-day retreat. Any one who thinks all is not perfect safety, instances being not dislocates the neck.

he has only got to mount himself on the back rare of elephants being completely pulled Tigers that prey on cattle are generally per- of an elephant, and go to a jungle where he has down by tigers, while accidents from the runfectly well known to the cowherds and oth- heard of tigers, to make sure of killing one, ning away of the elephant in tree-jungle are ers who resort to their neighborhood. They will find himself very much mistaken on try- still more common. Much of the excitement seldom molest men, and are often driven ing. A number of sportsmen with a large of the sport depends on the sportsman's away from their prey, after killing it, by the line of elephants may kill tigers if they sim- method of attacking the tiger. Some men unarmed herdsmen. Frequently they are ply beat through likely covers for a long | box a tiger up in a corner and push in at all known by particular names; and they really enough time; and many tigers are thus hazards, getting repeatedly charged, while seem in many cases to live among the vil. killed, or by driving the jungle with beaters, others keep at a distance, circling round and lagers and their berds much like a semi-do- without the possession of any skill in wood- offering doors of escape to the tiger, and mesticated animal, though, from a mutual craft whatever. But no sort of hunting re- never get a charge at all. As a rule, when consent to avoid direct interviews as much quires more careful arrangements, greater on an elephant in fair ground, the object as possible, they are chiefly known by their knowledge of the habits of the animal, per- should be to get the tiger to charge, instead tracks in the river-beds, and by their depre- severance, and good shooting, than the pur. of letting bim sneak away, as the hunt is dations on the cattle. They do not, of course, suit of the tiger by a single sportsman with a then ended in a short and exciting encounter, confine their attacks to the cattle of a single single elephant.

while if let away it may be hours before he is village, usually having a whole circle of them At the outset of one's experience in forest found again, if he ever is at all. where they are on visiting terms, and among life it is impossible to avoid the belief that The first difficulty is to get reliable inwhich they distribute their favors with great the tiger of story is about to show himself at i formation of the presence of tigers in a par.

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ticular neighborhood. A great many rea- plentiful shade at this arid season cannot of work and what particulars io note for guid. sons, besides the simple one to which it is but be admired. It is just at the time when ance when the actual hunt commences; for usually attributed, namely, that " they are all Nature begins to quiver in the fierce sun it is absolutely necessary to liave some pre cursed niggers," combine to make the natives and burning blasts of April that the banyan liminary knowledge of the ground, and habin most places very unwilling to give in. and peepúl figs, and the ever-present mango, its of the particular tiger, to insure success formation about tigers. Firstly, it is likely begin to throw out a fresh crop of leaves, In my earlier sporting dạys I always went to bring down a large encampment of those of the first tree being then moreover out to make the preliminary exploration for hibs” on their village, which they, very just charged with a thick, milky juice that forms tigers myself; and this is the only way to ly in most cases, dislike. The military offi- an impenetrable non-conductor to the sun's learn the business thoroughly, so as to be cer who scorns to learn the rural language, rays.

able afterward to devolve the labor on your and his train of overbearing, swindling ser- Riding up to his camp, pitched in the shikárís. A sportsman who is not thoroughvants, who fully carry out the principle that cool, shadowy depths of some grove like this, ly master of this business will never have a from him who hath not what little he huth the sportsman will probably find assembled reliable shikárí; and the best men are those shall be taken away, and that without a price the village head-man, with a small train of who bave been trained up in it along with too, stink in the nostrils of the poor inhab- cultivators and cowherds, waiting to receive their masters itants of the tracts where tigers are found. him with some simple offering-a pot of The morning is the best time for this The tiger himself is in fact far more en. milk, or a bunch of plantains from bis gar- work. It is then cool, and every footprint durable than those who encamp over against den. If he is welcome, tales will not be of the previous night is sharp and clear. All them to make war upon him, and demand wanting of the neighboring tigers—how Ram the wild animals, from whose movements from them grain and other supplies which Singh's cow was taken out of the herd a few much is to be learned, are then on the move. they have not, and carts, etc., to carry the days before, or Bhyron, the village watch, The movements of the tiger, even, may often camp, which they want to use for other ur- going on an errand, went down for a drink to be traced up to eight or nine o'clock by the gent purposes. Then they fear that they the river, and there came on a tigress with voices of monkeys and peafowl, the chatter will be made to beat for the tiger—both her cubs bathing by its brink. That youth of crows and small birds, and the bark of those who are willing and those who are not himself will chime in, and graphically de- sámbar and spotted-deer. The whole noc-with a considerable chanoe of getting scribe how he took to a tree and was kept turnal life of the beasts of the forest is then killed, and very little of being paid for their there all night—the same being probably a displayed in the clearest manner to the buntservices. There are few well-known resorts euplremism for a night passed with some er whose eye has been trained to read the of tigers where some story of the sort has boon companions at a neighboring grog-shop. book of Nature; and I know nothing more not been handed down among the people. The usual haunts of the tiger will be de interesting than a ramble in the cool gray of The first essential toward getting sport is to scribed; and the size of his footprints and a summer morning along the stream-beds of conciliate the willing coöperation of the peo. width of his head be drawn to a greatly ex- a tract in which live a great variety of wild ple, and make it plain to them that your ar- aggerated scale. The shikárí of the neigh- animals. The river-beds usually contain large rangements for supplies are such as to throw borhood will be present, or can be sent for stretches of sand and gravel, with here and no unbearable burden on a poor country, -a long gaunt figure clad in a ragged shirt there a pool of water, the margin of which and that your method of hunting is not one of Mhowa green, with a dingy turban twist- will be covered with tracks of deer, wildto lead to the constant risk of life. Such, ed round his shaggy locks, and furnished hogs, bears, etc., and here and there the however, is the want of sympathy often en- with the usual long small-bored matchlock, mighty sign-manual of the jungle-king himgendered in the naturally generous English- with its bulky powder-flask of bison-horn, self. All must come here to drink in the man by the fact of his becoming a member and smaller supply of fine priming-powder cool night succeeding a burning day; and in of the ruling caste in India, that sportsmen kept carefully in a horn of the gazelle. Ru. the neighborhood of the water occur most of will sometimes be heard on their return from pees, or a prospect of them, will be wanted the tragical interviews between the herbivora an unsuccessful expedition, in which they to loosen his tongue, and then bis state- and their carnivorous foes. Everywhere the had harried a quiet population who did not ments will likely be studiously vague. His cruel tyranny of the tiger has imprinted itwant their tigers killed at all on their terms, hearty services must be secured, however, self on the faithful page. His track to the cursing and swearing at them, and perhaps for he alone knows intimately the ways

and water is straight and leisurely, while that of even expressing little regret that a few of haunts of the tiger, and be alone will have the wilgái, or spotted - deer, is halting and them had been sacrificed to their bungling the pluck to accompany you or your shikárí suspicious, and apt to end in a wild scurry ardor. On the other hand, a properly organ- to mark him down. If you are known to be to right and left, where it crosses the tiger's. ized expedition, where the sportsman pro- a good paymaster he will willingly serve you, Here and there bleacbing skulls and bones vides his own supplies and bis means of otherwise you must promise him a handsome show that the whole berd have not always hunting the tigers, is certain to meet with douceur in case of success, to induce him to made good their escape. every coöperation from the people. They spoil his own chance of claiming the governwill even crowd in to help in driving the ment reward. This reward was, till financial jungles, when they know they are to work difficulties reduced it to half, fisty rupees

AT EVENING-TIME. for a good sportsman and shot who will not (twenty-five dollars), and, as all sportsmen unnecessarily risk their lives.

were entitled to claim it

, it used to go far. All day the silent snow fell down With luck and first-rate arrangements a


Upon bare ; few tigers may be got in the cold weather. to divide it equally between the village shi- But ceased at evening, and the skies At this season tigers sometimes venture very kárí, if he worked well, and my own shikárí

Grew bright with sunset's mingled dyes. close to large towns, and even to the Euro. and elephant. driver. Now, however, the

All day we watched our dying child pean stations. But it is not until the great. | sportsman will find himself a good deal out

With grief suppressed-to break out wild er part of the grass has been burned in the of pocket by every tiger he kills.

When she, removed from hopes and fears, jungles, and a hot sun has contracted the More precise information must be sought Could not be tortured by our tears. supply of water in the neighborhood of the for by the sportsman himself. The village great rivers, that regular tiger-hunting can shikárí knows nothing of our system of

But when the sudden radiant glow be commenced with a fair prospect of suc

Purpled the wbiteness of the snow,
hunting by attacking the tiger in his mid-

And shone serene upon our dead,
At this season, baving discovered a

day lair.
His personal experience of him

Our grieving souls were comforted. tract where tigers are reported, a good cen- has probably been confined to nocturnal intral place should be selected for a camp, in terviews from the tops of trees; but he will We crossed her hands upon her breast, the deep shade of some mango-grove near a

be certain to kuow his habits and usual re- And kissed her in her dreamless rest; village, or under the still more grateful can- sorts, and also whereabouts he is at the time And God's voice whispered through the night, opy of some spreading banyan-tree.


being. It is necessary, therefore, for some At evening-time it shall be light.graciousness of Nature in furnishing such one to go out with him wbo knows our style




have been erected, some of which are really chill of autumn and the time for glowing fireEDITOR'S TABLE.

good examples of architecture. This para- sides. This interregnum is not always dreary

dox is to be explained by the fact that no out-of-doors; the watering places, it is true, THE THE wellknown art-critic, Mr. J. Jack

miscellaneous juxtaposition in architecture look dismal, the roads have lost their gayety, son Jarves, in a recent article entitled

can be effective. Unless there are unity and the sea-side and the lake-shore are often si. “Ethics of Taste," utters the subjoined re

harmony there can be no genuine beauty; lent and solemn enough; but still out-of-doors marks upon the aspect of some of our Amer- and hence the ceaseless additions to Broad- all during September and October is, as everyican business streets :

way architecture, many instances of which, body knows, very delightful; it is, there“All honor to industry, even of business ; considered apart, are very good, but which are fore, only the house, and the house after sunbut not all the honor. Give beauty a hearing all planned with entire independence of all that set, that becomes at this season peculiarly also. Nothing more forcibly strikes a European eye on first landing in America than the has gone before, only add to the chaos of forms | dreary. The air is too chilly for the piazza frantic look of the business streets, with their and tints which the façades of this famous or for open windows; and this first shutting costly, incongruous, ill-combining store-fronts,

street present. Things have so come to pass of summer softness and sweetness out of the eruptive with extravagant mammoth signs, howling the venders' wares in every pitch of

with us that every instructed person hears house, this retreat before the first chilling discordant competition, often stretching across

with alarm that any new and elegant struct- breath of autumn, casts a gloom over the whole streets, and intercepting the serene are contemplated, feeling sure that the household. Everybody wanders about list. blues of the heavens, each struggling to make

new buildings will only add a fresh discord less and restless. The rooms have a shad. its particular advertisement seen the farthest, and cover the most space; all reminding on

to the general inharmony. Here and there owy, gray, repellent look. There is no cheer of a mob of tipsy sons of Erin at a shillalah- along the street a square can be seen in and no brightness anywhere; the gas looks exercising fair, each striking bis hardest and

which by chance a certain unity of effect bas raw and intrusive, coming after the soft, royelling his shrillest, in utter unconsciousness

been secured ; and in these instances one can mantic summer moonlights upon the piazza ; that the world is not as much interested as he in his diabolical uproar. However preten- | enjoy the real beauty of the architecture; the social circle, so long nightly formed in tious and sometimes elegant the architecture but for the most part, even where there are ample chairs, with fluttering fans, with cool. may be, it is in the main confused or eclipsed

merit and largeness in the designs, the eye is ing drinks, with long, pleasant chats, is broby these unsympathetic signs; not unfrequently it serves merely as a costly back

distressed and the taste is in rebellion at the ken up; a gathering under the chandelier is ground advertisement to them, supplementing woful confusion that meets the gaze. This not to be tolerated, and there is no other their ill-timed claims on the attention of the

confusion is in many instances enhanced by sufficiently attractive point where the restpasser-by. The confusion which reigns without is continued within the stores and at shopthe redundant and inelegant sign-boards. One less spirits can assemble.

If there are windows. Merchandise of all descriptions is notes, however, frequent attempts to secure a young lovers under the roof, they sit apart in shown in heterogeneous confusion and sense- harmony in the signs, but these praiseworthy a balf chill; there is no inspiration and no less disorder, absolutely repellent to eyes accustomed to the æsthetic taste displayed in

instances are too isolated to have much effect sweetness in the metallic glitter of gas. The Europe in the exhibition of similar objects on upon the wbole, and a single harmonious men find a measure of compensation in their sale."

structure only emphasizes the discordant cigars, of which they smoke an unusual numThere is no denying the truth or force of character of all the rest. Yet these in- ber; some of them even, in sheer desperation, these statements. We wish they could be stances are an example and a hint. If it is hurry to the billiard-room ; but the ladies printed in mammoth circulars for general possible to get a coöperation among the can do nothing but struggle wearily with distribution in those precincts where the many tenants of large buildings, it is also such murmurs of gossip and talk as the halfabominations described are to be found. And possible to secure it among the residents torpid spirit can keep alive. There is no life, yet this would do little good. The art-in- of an entire square; and, once let it become no relish, no spirit, no comfort, no felicity of stincts of the tradespeople who so deform an accepted principle that every one is moral. any kind in this truly melancholy and dreary our thoroughfares must first be awakened ly bound to build and adorn with a measure period. before the condemnation of cultured critics of regard for the character and the adorn- That is, usually there is not.

But occan have much cffect upon them. The idea ment of neighboring edifices, we shall be casionally one ma find a bold spirit that that any thing must be considered but busi- | enabled to secure at least an approximate knows how to confront the evil and to master ness advantage that struggle for trade harmony in our street-architecture. In Paris it. There is a certain subtile, strange, merry

should be abridged in any of its manifesta- a perfect unity is obtained by the authority sprite that may on these occasions be suc

tions by notions of harmony, beauty, or of law; in London there is a partial concord cessfully invoked, and whose appearance is grace-would probably strike these clamor. secured by public opinion; with us it is pub. sure to dissipate the gloom and the chin, ous traders as something preposterously ridic- lic opinion only that cau be invoked to en. and to bring all the scattered members of ulous. The day may come, however, when force a remedy for the present disorders; the household once more into a gay and hapculture will open the public eyes to the dis- but to this end it must be industriously cul. py circle. The sprite is a now too much negtasteful condition of our streets, and a wide-| tivated.

lected household familiar, but he is known spread sentiment enforce upon offenders a

everywhere as the Blaze on the Hearth. different policy, if it should so happen that OUR Bryant sings of the melancholy days There is no reason why we should keep this they do not voluntarily surrender to the civils of the late autumn—the November days of excellent genius of good cheer in banishment izing influence.

“wailing winds, and naked woods, and mead- until the winter winds compel his appear. One of the discouraging facts pertaining ows brown and sere;” but some poet should

He is as competent to cheer our to this question is, that our streets do not also sing of the melancholy days of early au- hearts on a cool September night as in a improve in appearance, notwithstanding all tumn, when, after the summer days have December snow-storm. There is wonderful the new and pretentious structures that are gone, come the sadness of deserted piazzas, brightness, and glow, and sparkle, and exultaconstantly going up. Broadway is not so the dreariness of abandoned lawns and sum- tion in his companionship, and never more handsome a street as it was thirty years mer walks, the loneliness of shut windows, warmth than we choose to permit. Even a ago, although since that period an immense and the dismal household husb and empti. few snapping twigs on the old andirons aro number of very large and costly buildings ness that ever intervene between the early I sufficient to show us the imp in bis happy moods, to scatter the dull cloud that rests the politicians. · In Boston a splendid Mu- nence, and not devoid of scientific daring, upon our rooms and in our hearts, and to seum of Arts is nearly finished, built by threw in a few figures to give point to his awaken a hundred pleasurable sensations. wealthy and public - spirited citizens; in panegyric. He told his hearers how many All those benighted roof-trees that harbor no Philadelphia an imposing edifice devoted to tliousand miles of railway there are now in hearth-stone, no fireplace where the delightful art is nearly completed; in Washington the the world, and how many million pounds sprite may disport bimself, are to be greatly Corcoran Art Gallery beurs witness to the sterling they represent. He also mentioned pitied indeed; for these households there is munificence of one of its citizens; in all the the names of the great men who, in bis no remedy we can suggest for the melancholy cities of the West public enterprise is build- opinion, deserve the credit for our amazing days—all their days, indeed, are in glooming galleries and forming collections; in New advance in the use of steam and electricity. and cloud; but wherever the hearth-stone is York a Museum of Art has been formed, It would appear from his discourse that at still cherished for all its delights and associ.. which, although partially aided by a bequest least eight men, of whom three or four were ations, let the blaze be lighted at once, and from the State, is, in the main, an instance Englishmen, had more or less to do with givsee how quickly it will transform gloom into of private energy and subscription. It has ing mankind the telegraph; in the list, howbrightness and charm.


always been assumed abroad that the Church ever, there is no mention whatever of any And there is a reason other than that of could only be sustained by governmental aid, person of the name of S. F. B. Morse! So, good cheer why it is well to invoke this sprite but at this moment nowhere are there so too, many are the heroes of the appliance of with the coming of the first chill airs. Health much public spirit and energy manifested in steam to rapid locomotion ; but, as we read, is promoted thereby. The blaze is a deadly religious matters as in the United States by we begin to have historic doubts whether such enemy to damp, and ague, and fever. It gives the voluntary system; and we may confident. a man as Fulton ever existed. In short, Sir sweetness and purity to the atmosphere; it ly trust that art, according to the measure John Hawkshaw, a man learned enough to kills miasma and the poisons that the air sucks of public spirit and taste, will suffer no less preside over the greatest lights of English up with the beginning of the decay of vegeta- than religion by depending solely upon vol. science, and self-confident enough to imagine tion. There is no better preventive of sick

untary aid.

American picture - buyers are that he is going to put a tunnel under the ness at this season than a good wood-fire. now among the most liberal patrons of for. British Channel, talks half an hour about It would be well if one could be lighted in eign art, and no really good American artist the telegraph without one word about its inevery room; if this is impracticable, the liv. has occasion to complain of neglect from ventor, and another half-hour about steaming-room at least ought to be made bright, this class. Academies and museums for boats without recognizing so much as the excheerful, warm, dry, and healthful, by the study are our principal needs; but, as we istence of him who put the first steamboat in magic of a blaze on the hearth.

have already shown, measures are actively | bistory on the river Seine, and whose steam.

on foot for supplying them, and hence there boat, the Clermont, set all England a-wonderA CONTEMPORARY, deploring the disadvan- is no reason now why the interposition of ing whether one like it could be made to tages which the American artist labors under government should be asked for—if, indeed, navigate the Thames! If Sir John Hawke' in being without the “ fostering care of the there could be any just reason for it at shaw pleads ignorance of the works of Ful. government,” remarks that our government any time. That it is not the province of our too and Morse, what shall be said of his ca“ does absolutely nothing except to discour. government to form museums or picture-gal. pacity to preside over the choicest examples age art by now and then paying enormous. leries, or in any way to attempt the æsthetic of British learning ? and, if he omits mention ly for some utterly worthless production in culture of the people, ought to be suffi. of them because of national jealousy, is he the shape of a statue or a painting.” If the ciently well known to prevent intelligent quite the man to represent a body which prolittle that the government does is so dis- critics from uttering complaints like those fesses above all a spirit of serene and liberal couraging to art, perhaps its “fostering care we have referred to.

progress, studying the majestic phenomena would only increase its unfavorable influ.

of Nature on a plane above the passions and The fact that governments abroad The intellectual stillness of the English spites of human rivalries ? Happily, the found academies and form galleries is no summer is gently broken every year hy the fame of our inventors is less likely to suffer reason why our rulers should do the same. sometimes drowsy and sometimes novel ut. from such a slight than that of him who The nature of our government excludes, or terances of the British Association. This thinks that he can obscure their claims by ought to exclude, any such purpose from its congress of savants is migratory in character omitting to state them. administration; and, if the thing were at- and various in its phases of thought and tempted, we may be sure it would be done talent. In 1874 the Irish city of Belfast was The late revolt in Bosnia has at least bad in such a manner as to prove our reproach honored by its presence; in 1875 Bristol, the the result of exhibiting more clearly that rather than our glory. American politicians home of Southey, Coleridge, and Chatterton, fatal illness of the Ottoman Empire of which are not exactly the class to be intrusted has been the hostess of its concentrated the Emperor Nicholas spoke more than twenwith the "fostering care of art.” But our learning and science. In 1874 Professor ty years ago. The realm of the Osmanlis is painters and sculptors do not need the inter- Tyndall aroused a tempest of remonstrance slowly but surely moribund. It can scarcely position of government. The voluntary.sys- by seeming to relegate religion to a level be doubted that the long line of the Othtem is likely to accomplish for us very soon apart from and lower than that of experi- mans draws near its end. Year by year it more than government superrision could pos. mental science. In 1876 Sir John Hawk. sinks deeper into the mire of hopeless debt. sibly effect. It would have been practically shaw, who succeeds Professor Tyndall as The crushing land-tax is steadily exhausting impossible for our government to have done president of the Association, has contented the agriculture of a country profusely gifted any thing of moment in the advance of art himself with the modest task of repeating by Nature; the farming population is growbefore a public opinion in behalf of this form that glowing tribute to material scientific ing less and less; the deserted villages and of culture had arisen; and, now that public progress during this century which has been untilled domains are constautly increasing. taste is aroused upon the subject, we may be so often dinged into our ears as to begin to The sultan's power is undermined not only sure it will be fully adequate to the fostering sound rather vapid and commonplace. To in Egypt, Tripoli, and Tunis, not only in Rouof art, without the interference or the aid of be sure, Sir John, who is an engineer of emi. mania and Servia, but also in Albania, Mon


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