« AnkstesnisTęsti »
broader than their top, there being no undercutting, as is apt to occur in etching on metal with acid. An electrotype from this matrix can be printed from in an ordinary press.
It thus appears that the sand-blast even enters the field of art-labo, and promises to prove an efficient ally of both engraver and artisan.
We might dwell at great length, and with. out undue zeal, upon the possible future of the American Sand-blast process. Enough has been written, however, to justify the choice of this subject as a theme for special notice, and if we have omitted to direct attention to any important achievements it has been rather from an over-supply than from a lack of material. Being in no sympathy ei. ther with the sentiment or truth of the idea that labor-saving devices injure the prospects of the laborer, we hail with satisfaction the advent of the sand-blast as marking an advance in all of the several branches of skilled labor wliere its services may be available.
The character of the accident which occurred on a Long Island railway on the Fourth of July last, was such as naturally to add increased interest to all methods by which the approach of trains toward each other, or to stations, may be automatically announced. The fact that in the case here noticed it was understood that a certain allowance was to be made for difference in the watches of the conductors, proves that no simple reliance on “time-tables" can be regarded as safe. Already the electric system of signals has been adopted on certain of our roads, though it is evident that there is yet room for improvement in the method now in use. Among these recent improvements is that proposed by Sir David Salomons, a working model of which was exhibited at the rooms of the Society of Arts. From a report of these proceedings, as given in the journal of the society, we obtain the following description of the purpose of the invention and the method of its adaptation to so-called “block-signaling:" " " The object of the invention is to enable trains in motion on a line to communicate with stations, and to be warned of the presence of trains before or behind them. For this purpose a slight insulated rail is laid down between the ordinary rails, and on this a wheel, carried by the engine, runs so as to keep up electrical communication between the rail and a machine or battery on the engine. The line being divided into short lengths, the enginedriver is thus enabled to receive information at once of the presence of a second train on the same length, and apparatus may also be arranged by which the steam can be automatically cut off and the breaks applied. The lengths are arranged so as to 'overlap' for some distance, and thus enable the train, when near the end of one length, to communicate at once with the lengths in front and that behind, and for this purpose there are two wheels on the engine which are brought into action alternately. For sidings there are special arrangements by which the battery can be thrown out of contact to admit a train; at other times they are protected by a similar arrangement to that above described."
need be by models or drawings, must be sent | having voted the sum of twenty-five thousand to the society in London not later than the dollars for deep-sea explorations. The waters 31st of December next. In our science column to be explored are those lying between Iceof last week we described the proposed plan land, Spitzbergen, the Faroe Islands, and Jan of Lieutenant Barber for accomplishing the Mayen Island. The method of these operextinction of fires below-decks by the release ations will be similar to that adopted by the of carbonic-acid gas; this was to be retained Challenger. It is also announced that this latunder pressure in a liquefied state till occasion ter vessel will complete her work within the called for its use, when it would be set free by year, and is expected home by April next. In the opening of suitable cocks and valves. The the mean time her former captain will have enIllustratel London News of June 12th gives an tered upon the new perils of the north. No illustrated description of certain experiments news has yet been received froin Captain Nares made with the pyroleter, an apparatus de
and the Alert and Discovery. signed for the same purpose. As in the plan
We learn from Nature that for several of Lieutenant Barber's, the extinguishing agent is also carbonic-acid gas, but the method of
months past a firm of engineers have been exits application is different and apparently more
perimenting, privately at the Crystal Palace, complex. This apparatus is described as of
with an aërial steamer of a promising and such a size and dimensions as to allow of its
novel character. Though weighing one hunbeing quickly worked and easily moved from
dred and sixty pounds, the propelling agent is place to place. Its action is simple, and may
a two and one half horse-power steam-engine, be readily comprehended. One small pump
which, with water and fuel, weighs eighty draws a chemical mixture from a tub or bucket,
pounds. while a second pump draws another mixture REPORTS from the Manchester Aquarium from a similar vessel. Both mixtures meet in
justify all our anticipations regarding the zeal a generator, or mixing-chamber, and instanta
and ability of its director, W. Saville Kent. neously pass into a separator, whence the dry
In addition to several examples of wolf- or gas passes through suitable piping to the hold cat-fish, and three of the monk- or angel-fish, or compartment where the fire has arisen.
there has lately been placed in one of the great When a inoderate-sized pyroleter is worked at tanks of this aquarium a sturgeon eight feet an ordinary speed, thirteen hundred and twen- in length. ty-six cubic feet of air will be so charged with the gas in one minute that it will not support combustion, and this stream may be kept up
N article in the Contemporary Review, occupied by cargo, which may be taken at one
on Corot, gives an admirable analyhalf, a vessel of twelve hundred and eighty
sis of the great painter's characteristics. We tons would be filled in twenty minutes, and the fire completely extinguished. During this
quote a passage or two: process the cargo need not be disturbed, nor At sight of a picture by Corot, the dominthe hatches removed. The experiments above ion of the clouds is the first thing noticeable. alluded to are said to have been successful. He himself, it is said, began each picture with
the painting of the sky; and it is certain that CERTAIN interesting observations have re
from this point the spectator is compelled to cently been conducted with a view to deter
begin his survey. To the sky and its influmine the influence of season on the skin of
ence all common facts of landscape are made fetal animals. It was determined that calves
subject. If there is a pool of water, its first born in winter have a longer and thicker coat
function is to image the fleeting forms and unof hair than those born in summer; and even certain colors of the heavens. The grass at when the hair is removed there is still a dit
our feet loses its hues of vivid green, and beference of more than a pound in the weight of
comes pale to whiteness in obedience to the their skin. The same proves true of goats
fleecy clouds that whiten the sky. The forms and lambs. Moreover, this difference cannot
ot trees and the outlines of distant bills are be dependent on diet or other incidental
held imprisoned in a mystery of delicate light changes of condition, since the experiments and Hoating mist, and even the remote blue of were made on the offspring of animals kept the sky beyond the clouds loses its intensity, under cover, and on the same food all the year
and becomes faint and pale as it passes under round.
the control of " mes nuages gris." And havThe constantly-increasing uses to which
ing recognized this constant aspect of Corot's
Of paper may be put have stimulated the search painting, we are left to seek its motive. for additional materials from which it may be
what service to the painter are these forms manufactured. In a recent note we directed
that advance and recede, now penetrating tho
substantial air so far as to become half-disattention to the possible utilization of the waste or “trash” of the sugar-cane for this
tinct and tangible shapes of Nature, and again purpose, and we now learn that the alfa-fibre,
retreating till they are no more than mere the most important vegetable production of
vague symbols in a world of shifting lights
and shadows ? Algeria, may be used for a like purpose. This
For what purpose does he vegetable is said to grow spontaneously over
thus summon these shapes into momentary vast tracts of country where cultivation is im- existence, leaving all else concealed ? and of possible. Teu million acres are covered with
what beauty are the songs of which these are it. It is estimated that from this source alono
the few stray netes? ... a supply of paper-making material could be
Although the French landscape-painters obtained equal to three-fourths of all the rags
acknowledge the power of Constable's work, sold annually throughout the world.
and even admit its guidance, the distinction
between men like Constable and Corot is imThe Norwegian Government has entered portant. The art of the English painter, the field as the patron of scientific research, though it employs all the moods of Nature,
The question of the extinction of fires in ships is regarded as one of so great importance that the Society of Arts has offered the Fothergill gold medal to any successful competitor in this field. Communications, illustrated if
cmploys them in a way that is essentially us a principal agent in controlling the appear-, keld,” say the newspapers. We have not the dramatic. We do not receive from any of his ance of the scene, and in both the consequent slightest doubt that it is very like, and that pictures the impression of a distinct personal | neglect of precise form and minute details of the summer day blazed just so over the rising sentiment in the mind of the painter. All the color. But in comparison with Constable ground, and upon the clumps of heather and powers of the air are admitted to set the land- himself, new features are revealed in Corot's red trunks of the fir-trees. It is like the scape in motion, but the artist's observation is art. We detect at once the source and the ex- scene, just as “ Mary, daughter of J. Jones, still fresh and unprejudiced in its sympathy, pression of the French painter's originality, Esq.,” and “ June, daughter of W. Robinson, and the particular moment chosen for artistic we recognize the freshness and distinction of Esq.," are alike-features and frocks, and litespression is like a moment chosen from a his attitude toward Nature. Still keeping to tle fat legs — we mean shadows and lights, drama where the passion, though strong and the criticism of his technical method, it may and the gray dike running across the slope, energetic, is not the passion of the author. be observed how marked is the increased im- and the broken hedge. The name of this is Every picture from his hand records some portauce given to the use of tone. At the first not “Mary Jones," but the “Fringe of the sudden concord in the things of outward Na- | sight, Corot's works scarcely suggest the
Moor." How much more is there in the name ture-some moment when bright blue sky and presence of color; all tints are so far subdued than the picture—the fringe of the moor!drifting cloud, the hues of running water and that we recognize scarcely more than their looking away, no doubt, over that long broken the restless branches of blown trees, meet to agreement on some neutral ground of gray. undulating surface, all purple with heather, or register a phase of fleeting beauty. And as On the side of form a similar tendency is green before the coming of the heather, or å result of this impartial selection from the manifest. Constable's drawing of a tree is blurred and pathetic with the bloom going moods of landscape, the first and most im- precision itself, compared with what serves for off, and the climax over; with mysterious pressive quality of Constable's work is the drawing in Corot; his definition of a scene is hollows in it, and faint watery gleams, and fidelity of the portraiture. True to a land full and exact by the side of the French paint- tufted knolls rough with whins and blaeberwhere fair and foul weather come in rapid er's timid and tremulous outlines, that lose ries, and here and there a stunted fir strayed specession, his landscape is neither over- themselves in a pale, uncertain sky. And and belated out of its way, or forlorn young bright por over-gloomy. If we carry away when these appearances in Corot's painting birch waving her silvery branches, with lanfrom his pictures the remembrance of heavy are taken in connection with the effect they guishing lamentations over her own solitude. conds and advancing shadows, we may also are intended to produce, it is seen at once And then the mysterious sweet skies above, recall the sharp green of leaves dancing in that they are deliberately given, and are not dark with presage of storm, or heavy with sanshine, and spaces of sky of bright and the results of carelessness or imperfect re- sweeping of ruin like human eyes worn outLaughing blue. The brightness is no longer
Outward Nature to him is a means of or bursting forth into a patlios of delicious the brightness of the earlier painters because expressing himself. Constable perceived and brightness, as who should say which of us can it belongs to a single moment and is not of interpreted the drama of wind and clouds, of tell whether this sweet sun may ever come the enduring character of the scene. And in sun and shadow. But to Corot these changing again? Such are the moors we know, not dull this truth of the moment, in the impression aspects of the earth are serviceable only as in- things inanimate and expressionless, but alive of movement and progress, as of drama, lies terpreters of different phases of personal emo- in every line, full of thought and sentiment the strength of Constable's art. The facts of tion. The artist employs the moods of Na- and mystery. How the sun glows upon them scenery merely as such are neglected or sup- ture as a musician employs the notes of music, when he comes, and a hum of universal life pressed. No one would seek from the paint- and invests the facts of scenery with particu- | breaks forth, soft, all - pervading, inultitudiet of the “Cornfield" or the “Leaping lar sentiments, charging them with the color nous ! How the great ling-bushes glow, and Horse" an exact imitation of separate flow- of his own thoughts. It is because this pur- the daintier bell-beather waves its round tutts :rs, or a precise outline of the leaves that pose is the controlling element in his art that of bloom, and the green gale breathes sweetseem to rustle in each passing breeze. It is his pictures of scenery, merely as pictures, are ness under the wayfarer's feet! We have seen no longer the scene itself, but the appearance | perunitted to be imperfect. From a single pictures out of which the very fragrance of of the scene as it yields to passing influences scene hic selects only a few of the features inn- the gale and the humn of the insccts came of weather, that the painter strives to inter- portant to his design-the rest are left half- breathing, making canvas into poetry. But pret; and it is his perception of the appropri- concealed or wholly hidden. And with this Mr. Millais perhaps never trusted the damp ate color of each changing aspect, whether of desire to select a few things out of many, to footing where the bog-myrtle grows; anyhow, gloom or gladness, that gives to his work its summon here and there as he wills the shapes
his Fringe" has as little to do with the Inapproached merit.
and colors of the earth, the presence of at- moor as if it had been the prosperous sinooth But the later school of landscape, as rep- mosphere, and the constant control of mist slope of an English hill. It is the portrait resented with so much fascination by Corot, and cloud, are valuable assistants. Behind of a well-to-do landscape, where, no doubt, gres further than this. To understand the these clouds the landscape rests under the do- cows would find good grazing, comfortable d'rtinctive quality of his work, we must re- minion of the painter. What he needs for breathings of warmth and profit ; which, to. call his own phrase : “Je ne suis qu’une the thought he would express may be brought be sure, are fiue, solid things compared alotette ; je pousse de petites chansons dans into view-all else may be suppressed without to such foolishness as the mysterious atmos1: nuages gris.” The art is no longer dra- | loss of natural truth; for the changes of at- phere over the moor, or the sweetness of the matic, it no longer registers with impartiality | mosphere afford all degrees of distinctness, gale. the changing moods of weather, taking the l and the painter familiar with all may choose And just of the same class ure the pretty grlie and the gay as they alternate in the what he will.
little Marys and Janes aforesaid. We verily tual world. If these men were poets instead
believe that a far-sighted woman could tell of painters, we should denote the distinction
Blackwood, in its review of the Royal
within a few pence how much a yard was given by saying that it was an exchange of the dramatic for the lyrical faculty; and even in Academy pictures, dashes in its own vigor- little garments are made—and the little pink
for the pretty muslin-work of which these painting these words will serve for a symbol ous fashion at the painter Millais, who, it shoes and open-worked socks would be the of what we mean.
Using this symbol, then, declares, was twenty years ago the rebellious adoration of a nursery-maid; but what man38 Corot himself used it, the fitness of his own yet beloved hope and favorite of the Acad.
ner of child it is which is enshrined in all description of his art becomes very evident.
that redness and whiteness, who could guess? His pictures are in reality songs sent forth emy :
Does any one remember nowadays that saucy from the gray clouds that overspread the world What has come to the daring and splendid sweet little Lady Geraldine Somebody who is of his art. For, to turn to the appear- youth which opcc took us by storm, all preju- | walking out of the sky with her little pettiance of Corot's pictures, what is it that inost dices and articles of faith notwithstanding? coats held up, and dainty rosettes upon her distinguishes them? As compared with Con- Mr. Millais has resigned liinself to Mammon, shoes, in Sir Joshua's delicious picture? or stable's painting there is everywbere a failure or, what is the same thing in his case, to por- the absorbed angelical gravity of that other of local color. The harmony of color, not less trait-painting ; yes, to portrait-painting, not- child in the national gallery whose portrait is perfect, is reduced to narrower dimensions ; ! witlistanding the fact thut the first picture
called the Age of Innocence? A century ago, the separate incidents of each scene, grass bearing his name which mects our eye is a so- that was what art could make out of a child's and flowers, trees, and the sky itself, sacrifice called landscape. Just as die painted a little portrait. To-day, is this all that art can make more of their individual character, and take a girl without shoes, and a little girl with them, of it? Surely Mr. Millais is strangely untone more uniform, and even personal. As in another room--and a young lady with a hat worthy of himself when he forces us to ask Sorsapared with early representations of land- over her eyes, and a young lady without any such a question. If he will paint portraits, it scape, these pictures may be roughly said to hat at all, in a third-so he has painted the is a worthy and a noble art, and one in which kare the qualities that belong also to Con- portrait of a bit of uudulating bill - side, Englishmen have been splendidly successful ; stable; there is in both the record of weather somewhere in the neighborhood of Dun- / but, in the name of all that is worthy, wliy
should he paint these sweet little specimens In a recently-publisbed letter by Charles turn aside from a story that it knew ended of huinanity as if they were their own dolls?
Dickens, the great novelist expresses him. painfully. This assumption is in direct oppoEven at three or four there is a something in
sition to every thing that can be learned from å pair of living eyes, liquid with dews of childself as opposed to tragic climaxes in fiction;
the history of literature. Tragedy has always hood, that tells more than this-an open se- and this expression elicits from the London held an overmastering power over the mind cret which he who looks for it may divine and Daily News the following sound comments :
of man, and that for the simplest of reasons. disclose, a delicious betrayal wbich is no trea
The mystery of evil and unmerited suffering,
It is to be feared his remarks will lead the most awful and insoluble of problems, bas Neither could it have been on the wonder- the public to believe that the writer of a story never ceased to exercise an irresistible attracful production entitled romantically. “The ean do just as he pleases with his characters, tion for the imagination. We laugh at and Crown of Love" that Mr. Disraeli looked plunging them into utter misery at the end of are pleased by a comedy; we remember a when (with the smile concealed beneath the the three volumes, or winding up on the
tragedy. The pretty ways of Rosalind are lines of his impenetrable countenance) be ry and live happy ever after” principle, just pleasant enough; we like to see Perdita scatspoke of the power of the imagination as ex- as the caprice of the moment may dictate. tering her blossoms; the bewilderment of the hibited in the pictures of 1875. Here a slim Well, this may be true of the manufacturers two Dromios gratefully passes the present but well-formed youth is visible carrying a of :nechanical fiction-and it must be remem- hour; but when we think of Shakespeare, we robust young woman, who, throwing her arms bered that Mr. Dickens was tendering advice think of the utter misery of king Lear, of the out, is evidently trying her best to overbal- to a mere aspirant or amateur, not to a master gloomy fate of Macbeth, of the perishing of ance him.
It is intended to represent that of the craft—but it is assuredly not true of Juliet among the tombs. In the domain of story of Charlemagne's secretary or page, great writers of fiction, like Mr. Dickens him- fiction, there can be no doubt that those stories who, having been found out to be privately self. Unless the characters in a work of fic- which end tragically have a better chance of the lover of Charlemagne's daughter, was giv-tion grow in reality in the mind of the man being remembered than those which end with en the chance of winning her by carrying her who is going to write about them to such a de- marry and live happy ever after” busito the top of the nearest hill. No wonder he gree that they take their destiny altogether
The people who get through all their died when he got there, poor young fellow, out of his hands, and live their life in their troubles, and are comfortably settled for lifeif she was like this large and stalwart maiden.' own fashion, they will remain mere puppets why should one trouble one's self further We wonder if Mr. Millais remembers a picture to be pulled with a string. Oddly enough we about them? We bid them “Good-by” and which made a great noise twenty years ago, and can appeal for confirmation of this theory to hope they will enjoy their honey-moon. But was called “The Huguenots ?” It is to be Mr. Dickens's own experience. Did he not at the memory of the brave or beautiful soul found in reflection all over the country nowa- one time receive, not only from all parts of crushed down by the irresistible cruelty of a days, in poor little prints and blurred photo-England, but from all parts of the world, let- hapless fate - that is something to ponder graphs. When a boy at school has got beyond ters begging and imploring him not to let Lit- over and recall with a sad and wistful regret. the gamekeeper's stage, it is the first indication tle Nell die? How easy it must have seemed Suppose that “ Paul and Virginia" had ended of improving taste, and shows what a leap his to those people for the great writer to save the with a commonplace marriage-what mother mind has taken when he hangs up this picture child from destruction, and send joy to thou- would remember her interest in the book for over his mantel-shelf, dethroning Landseer in sands on thousands of households that were twenty years after her reading of it, and insist its favor; and it is the first illustration of her already fearing the end! Dickens knew of this on her daughter reading it also, to see if the walls which the girl thinks of when she be- vast amount of pleasure he could give; he knew younger generation had also a capacity for uncomes the proud possessor of a maidenly bow- of the keen pain he must himself experience limited tears? If the unutterably tragic story er of her very own. And how fine it was! in describing her death; but the true instinct of Margarete's woes had not been incorporated the tender, wistful woman, all her soul in her of the artist overmastered all other considera- by Goethe into the old legend of "Faust," who anxious eyes, making her forlorn attempt to tions. All the king's horses and all the king's would care to read and reread the desultory cheat him into safety-the man not beautiful, men could not have enabled him to twist aside metaphysics of that famous poem ? Wben almost ugly in his worn and untrimmed the inevitable doom. ... Now, we are not people heard of the story of Hetty Sorrel strength, with the shadow of a tragedy upon arguing that stories should end gloomily, but - which is almost identical with that of him, tenderly undeceiving her with sad, fond only that certain sets of circumstances, acting Gretchen did its painful character deter smile at the impossible. That was imagina- on certain characters, must necessarily, if the all England from reading “ Adam Bede ?” tion, if you please: a whole dim chapter of writer is a true artist, produce a tragic climax, Pain in a novel may be unnecessary;" but history-a chapter dim with blood and treach- and that to interfere with that climax in order fiction would soon cease to have any relation ery and horror, so revolting in its heat of mas- to please people who like pretty endings must with the realities of life if it systematically sacre that we shudder and pass by, almost inevitably involve an artistic failure. There turned aside from the darkest problem of exmissing the heroism for hatred of the crime- is another point mentioned in these brief let- istence, and dealt only with the rose - water grew suddenly visible on the noble side, com- ters which is interesting enough. Mr. Dickens trivialities which are the proper pabulum of prehensible in its anguish and heroic truth seems to hint that the public would probably album-verses. and duty; which was a worthy deed for a painter to do if he had never done another. Here are two again, the man and the woman
Notices. only the back of him, which is perhaps as well, for the veiled sinews and their strain are always something; but the face of her-in ART-WORKERS IN SILVER.—THE GORHAM COMPANY, established 1831. Bridal, which the expression is little but a weak aban- Christening, Birthday, and Household Silver. The most extensive and brilliant collection to be found in the don of fondness, incapable of comprehending
city. Salesrooms, No. 1 Bond Street, near Broadway. the tragical dangers in the way.
SCIENTIFIC BOOKS. —Send 10 cents for General Catalogue of Works on ArchitecBut why should we rail ? "The Crown of
ture, Astronomy, Chemistry, Engineering, Mechanics, Geology, Mathematics, etc. D. VAN NOSTRAND, Love" is about the same size as “The Hugue
Publisher, 23 Murray Street, New York. nots.” It is as genuine a " Millais"
as its predecessor, and will probably suit in the MONTHLY PARTS OF APPLETONS JOURNAL. —APPLETONS’ JOURNAL is picture-market as an investment of capital put up in Monthly Parts, sewed and trimmed, Two out of every three parts contain four weekly numbers; the just as well. What does Mammon care for third contains five weekly numbers. Price of parts containing four weekly numbers, 40 cents; of those containing imagination-he who even in heaven thought
five numbers, 50 cents. Subscription price per annum, $4.50. For sale by all booksellers and newsdealers. more of the golden floor than of any thing D. APPLETON & Co., Publishers, 549 & 551 Broadway, New York. more lovely? And why, indeed, should the artist give himself the labor and strain of pro
BINDING AND READING CASES.-Binding Cases for the volumes of APPLETONS' ducing “ The Huguenots," when a
JOURNAL, in cloth, gilt back and side. Price, 75 cents each. Reading Cases, bound in half leather, $1.00. Either of Love" brings in as much money, and fills
of the Cases mailed post-free to any address, on receipt of price. In ordering, pains should be taken to designate up its place quite as well? Is it for the satis
accurately whether a Reading Case or Binding Case is wanted. The trade supplied. D. APPLETON & Co.,
Publishers, New York, faction of a set of peevish critics that he is to give himself all this trouble? and, who knows, TO RAILWAY TRAVELERS.-In order to save trouble and anxiety in reference to the critics, presumably disappointed painters, which route to select previous to commencing your journey, be careful and purchase a copy of APPLETONS who have never themselves been able to suc- RAILWAY GUIDE. Thousands and tens of thousands of Railway Travelers would as soon think of starting on ceed in any thing, might not be contented all their journey without their baggage as without a copy of the Guide. Price, 25 cents.
D. APPLETON & Co., the same?
Publishers, New York.
THE contrast between the present and the of Oahu. The shape is an irregular paral. | they were bound and taken alive into the
ful. Only thirty years since a large majority long by one hundred wide. The walls are were careful not to mangle their persons. of the natives were given over to a brutal pa. built of lava-stones in a very solid and com- They were laid in a row, with their faces ganism, bardly to be surpassed among any of pact style. There were paved platforms all downward, on the altar before the idol, and, the savage tribes of the world. Many of the around the side for the accommodation of if hogs and bullocks were offered with them, temples wherein their bloody and cruel rites alii, or chiefs, and the people in their orders. the whole mass was left to putrefy together, Fere practised are still standing, and furnish At the south end there was an inner court, poisoning the air for miles around with an a melancholy clew to the depths from wbich where the principal idol stood, surrounded inconceivably sickening stench. At the close they have arisen. On the leeward side of by a number of inferior deities, for the Ha- of the rites the chiefs and the people gave Hawaii, near the village of Waimea, is the waians bad many gods. Here also was the themselves up to hideous debauch, accom
great Heiau, the last heathen temple built. anu, a lofty frame of wicker-work, shaped | panied with the most licentious orgies. Many On entering the huge pile, which stands naked like an obelisk, within which stood the priest old inhabitants still remember and describe and desolate on a steep hill-side, the story of when delivering oracular utterances to the these carnivals of Moloch which desecrated the old bloody paganism of the people flashes king. On the outside of the inner court was the smiling face of natural paradise. To on the mind.
the lele, or altar, on which human sacrifices this savagery of less than half a century The entrance is by a narrow passage be- were offered. On the day of dedication eleven since let us contrast Miss Bird's description tween high walls, through which the sacri- victims were immolated. These were taken of a garden-party at the charming villa of exbeing priests dragged the wretched victims from the captives, or those who had broken Queen Emma at Honolulu : into the presence of Tairi, a huge wooden tabu, or rendered themselves obnoxious to
“The people arrived shortly before sunidol crowned with a helmet, the favorite war- the chiefs. Sometimes they were dispatched set, and were received by Queen Emma, who god of Kamehameba the Great, the conqueror at a distance with a stone or club; oftener sat on the lawn, with her attendants about her, very simply dressed in black silk. The wardness, and fosters grace of movement, king, at whose entrance the band played the and, equally adapted to riding or walking, it national anthem, stood on another lawn,
has the general appropriateness desirable in where presentations were made by the cham
costume. berlain ; and those who were already acquaint.
The women have a peculiarly ed with him had an opportunity for a few
graceful walk, with a swinging step from the minutes' conversation. He was dressed in a hip, in which the shoulder sympathizes. It very well-made black morning-suit, and wore has neither the delicate shuffle of the French. the ribbon and star of the Austrian Order of
woman, the robust, decided movement of the Francis Joseph. His simplicity was atoned for by the superlative splendor of his suite; Englishwoman, the stately glide of the Spanthe governor of Oahu, and the high chief
iard, nor the stealthiness of the squaw. A Kalakaua, * who was a rival candidate for the majestic wakine, with small, bare feet, a grand, throne, being conspicuously resplendent. The swinging, deliberate gait, hibiscus-blossoms basis of the costume appeared to be the
in her flowing hair, and flower-wreaths trailWindsor uniform, but it was smothered with epaulets, cordons, and lace; and each digni- | ing over her holuku, has a tragic grandeur of tary has a uniform peculiar to his office, so appearance which makes the pale-skinned that the display of gold-lace was prodigious. foreign lady marching in high-heeled shoes The chiefs are so raised above the common by her side look grotesque and insignificant. people in height, size, and general nobility of
The island of Kauai, belonging to the isl. aspect, that many have supposed them to be of a different race; and the alii who repre
and group, is specially distinguished for the sented the dwindled order that night were
personal beauty and grace of its people. In. certainly superb enoughi in appearance to
deed, the whole island, though not so exigent justify the supposition. Beside their splen- in its startling demands on the admiration dor and stateliness, the forty officers of the of the visitor, has an extreme and characterEnglish and American war-ships, though all in full-dress uniform, looked decidedly insig: lets and swelling uplands have the charm of
istic beauty of its own. Its sparkling rivunificant ; and I doubt not that the natives who were assembled outside the garden-rail
the quiet scenery of New England, and again ings in crowds were not bebind me in making its broken woody ridges and broad sweep of invidious comparisons.
mountain outline recall the picturesque Alle“ Chairs and benches were placed under ghanies. It has not the warm tropical colthe beautiful trees, and people grouped themselves on these, and promenaded, Airted, oring, the luxuriant vegetation, nor yet intalked politics and gossip, or listened to the
deed the volcanic wildernesses of Hawaii ; royal band, which played at intervals, and but the scenery is charmingly calm and rest. played well. The dress of the ladies, whether ful to the eye, full of quiet subtile effects, white or colored, was both pretty and appro- which the beholder never wearies of study. priate. Most of the younger women were in white, and wore natural flowers in their hair; | ing. The principal foreign household has for and many of the elder ladies wore black or its head a venerable old Scotch lady, who colored silks, with lace and trains. There emigrated with her family to New Zealand were several beautiful leis of the gardenia, many years since. The story is quite a rowhich filled all the garden with their delicious odor. Tea and ices were handed round on Sèvres china by footmen and pages in ap
The husband was accidentally drowned, propriate liveries. What a wonderful leap
and the widow left to take charge of a large from calabashes and poi, malos, and paus, to property, and bring up the children. Her this correct and tasteful civilization ! As great ambition was to keep her family tosoon as the brief amber twilight of the tropics gether on the old patriarchal system.
When was over, the garden was suddenly illuminated
the children grew up, and the New Zealand by myriads of Chinese lanterns, and the effect was bewitching. The upper suite of
property became too small, she sold it and emrooms Wils thrown open for those who pre
barked with her family and movable posses. ferred dancing under cover; but I think that sions on a clipper-ship, owned and commanded the greater part of the assemblage chose the by one of her sons-iu-law, to sail through the shady walks and the purple night. · Supper
wide Pacific in search of some suitable home was served at eleven, and soon after the party broke up."
wherein to erect her household gods. They
were strongly tempted by Tahiti, but some Both the men and women of Hawaii have
reasons decided them against that island. no little claim to personal comeliness, which Mr. Damon, the seamen's chaplain, on board. age does not touch quickly, as it does the har. ing the trim bark, was amazed to find this assed, care - worn people of more energetic great family party on board, with a beautiful nations. The laughing, careless faces of the and brilliant old lady at the head, books, Hawaian women are a perpetual marvel. But pictures, work, and all that could add refinethe expression has little of the innocence and ment to their floating home, and cattle and childishness of the negro physiognomy. They sheep of valuable breeds in pens on the deck. are a handsome people, scornful and sarcastic The island of Nihau was then for sale, looking even in their mirth, and those who and was purchased of Kamehameha V. at a know them best say they are always quizzing ridiculously low price. There they were esand mimicking each other. The women are tablished for seven years, but finally moved free from tasteless perversity, both as to to Kauai, the second son only remaining in color and ornament, and have an instinct of their former homestead. This patriarchal the becoming. At first the holuku, which is family consists of a bachelor son, two widonly a full-yoke night-gown, is not attractive, owed daughters with six children, three of but its devices are wise. It conceals awk- whom are grown-up young men, and a tutor,
a young Prussian officer, who was on Maxi* It need hardly be said that the chief here re- milian's staff at Queretaro. The remaining ferred to is the present King Kalakaua who recently visited the United States, Luanillo having
daughter, married to a Norwegian gentleman, been on the throne when our author was in the lives on the adjoining property. All the Sandwich Islands.
young people are thoroughly Hawaianized,
speaking the language fluently; are great athletes, and bold surf-riders, an accomplishment generally supposed out of the reach of foreigners. Such is a typical example of many foreign families who have settled in the Hawaian Islands, and on whom the future prosperity of the little toy kingdom will largely depend.
One of the show.places of the island is a superb cañon. The valley which leads to it is walled in by palis, two hundred feet in height, grooved vertically in layers of conglomerate and basalt. The cañon itself is about twenty-five hundred feet in depth, not so grand, indeed, as the famous cañon of the Colorado, but so clad in verdure and parasitic trailing vines as to make the precipitous sides an inconceivable wealth of color. The upper end of the cuñon is closed in by a superb waterfall, formed by the river Hawapipi falling over a wall three hundred and twenty-six feet in height. Two high and stately peaks form an imposing gate-way for the entrance of the stream. Numberless other small cascades also contribute their little warble to the deep dirt pason of the whole. Into this cool, dark abyss only the noontide sun ever penetrates; all beautiful things which love damp-all shade - loving parasites flourish here in perennial beauty. Only a scarlet tropic bird occasionally flashes across the solemn silence, and the arches, buttresses, and columns, suggest a grand temple.
The island next to Hawaii in size and importance is Maui, which contains about twelve thousand inhabitants, and is highly cultivated for the most part, there being many wealthy and enterprising foreign residents. It is specially distinguished for the crater of Haleakala (House of the Sun), the largest crater in the world, though now, fortunately, extinct. The mountain is a dome ten thousand feet in height, with an enormous base, and the windward side is gashed by streams which, in their violence, have ex. cavated large pot-holes, which serve as reservoirs. On the leeward side several black and fresh-looking streams of lava run into the sea. The whole coast for some distance above the ocean-level, indeed, shows signs of terrible volcanic action. The great surprise of Haleakala to the visitor is that where, according to calculation, there should have been a summit, an abyss of vast dimensions opens below. It is as if the whole top of the moun. tain had been blown off by some inconceiv. able convulsion. Though its girdling preci. pices are nineteen miles in extent, the whole crater can be taken in at a glance. The vast, irregular floor is two thousand feet below the opening. New York could be hidden away in it, with ample room to spare. On the north and east are huge gaps as deep as the crater, through which oceans of lava once found their way to the sea.
The volcanic forces, by one gigantic effort, seem to have rent the whole top of the mountain asunder, and then passed into endless repose.
The crater seems composed of a hard, gray clinkstone, much fissured, and the internal cones look as if they had just gone out, so glowing is their red. Not even a hot spring or steam crack is found in any part of the mountain. With its cold ashes and