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malice, when really we have kindly and loyal people who repeat what was not meant for feelings toward them, and are guilty of noth- repetition will have a surprisingly bad time ing worse than of looking at them, for the after they die ; but meanwhile the damage moment, as mere human beings, and biurting they do on earth would be greatly lessened if out what we thought we saw. They look people in general could recognize that their us over, oftentimes, in the same inquiring, friends talk about them pretty freely, and dispassionate way, and estimate our qualities usually say what they happen to think at the and say their say about us; but that seems moment; and that what they think to-day not to make them any more tolerant of our may be different from what they will think indiscretions of speech when they have caught to-morrow; and that, even when their thought us in them.

is, in some particular, unflattering, the exIf there is anything in the good old doc- pression of it does not necessarily imply a trine of sure eventual retribution for sinners, lapse of affection or fidelity.

THE FIELD OF

ART

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are

ART PRIZES AND AWARDS-RENÉ

of the voters to attend. At present, the conREINICKE

sent of the various parties controlling these OMPETITIVE exhibitors being but prizes having been obtained, they are awarded children of a larger growth, it has by the jury of selection that admits the works

long been the custom to tempt them to the exhibitions. The three prizes of the to put forth their best efforts by the promise New York Academy, founded at different periof various medals, awards, documentary com- ods by the gentlemen whose names they bear, mendations called Honorable Mentions, etc., the Thomas B. Clarke prize of $300 for and Art-being a difficile profession, in every the best American figure composition painted sense of the word— has been especially pro- in the United States by an American citizen, litic of these glittering baits. In this country without limitation of age; the Julius Hallgarthe list of these prizes offered in the various ten prizes of $300, $200, and $100 respectively, picture exhibitions is already very long, and, for the three best pictures in oil colors painted gradually lengthens, sometimes by very im- in the United States by American citizens portant additions—as in 1896, by the opening under thirty-five years of age; and the Norman of the first annual exhibition of oil paintings W. Dodge prize of $300 for the best picture in the Pittsburg Carnegie Art Galleries. painted in the United States by a woman, Various methods of solving the very impor- without limitation of age. The qualification, tant question as to the supreme authority who common to all, of stipulating that the work is to award these awards have been tried, must be executed in this country, is for the with various results. In the New York Acad- purpose of shutting out students or artists enemy of Design, for example, the republican joying the superior advantages of European plan of leaving this selection to the votes of residence. The Academicians themselves do the exhibitors themselves, was practised for not compete for any of these prizes; and no several years in succession, but with such in- competitor may take two prizes or a prize of different success that for three consecutive the same class a second time. The Clarke years one of these prizes was not distributed and Hallgarten prizes have been awarded at all, owing to the neglect of a “quorum” every year since 1883, with the exception of

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1890, 1891, and 1892, when there was no lected “shall be, all its qualities considered, award of the latter; the Dodge prize since the best figure painting in oil by an American 1886. The exhibitors at the Academy have citizen" (last year, “the best landscape or also benefited for the last two years by the marine in oil"); the jury is to be designated expenditure of a fund of $1,000 subscribed by the Academy, but has the right to withannually by members of the Lotos Club for hold the award, if in its judgment the pictthe purchase of one or more of the paintings ures offered are not of sufficient merit. The at these annual exhibitions.

Mary Smith Prize of $100, founded by RusAt those of the Society of American sell Smith, was awarded for the nineteenth Artists two prizes are awarded by the jury time by the Exhibition Committee, to Miss --the first, the Webb prize of $300, for the E. F. Bonsall's “ Hot Milk." This, accordbest landscape in the exhibition, painted ing to the present modified terms, is to be by an American artist under forty years given “ to the painter of the best painting of age, and the second, the Shaw Fund (not excluding portraits) in oil or water colors Prize of $1,500 (originally $1,000) for the exhibited at the Academy, painted by a respurchase of a figure composition painted in ident woman artist for qualities ranking as oil by an American artist. The first was in- follows: ist. Originality of Subject ; 2d. stituted in 1887 by Dr. W. Seward Webb of Beauty of Design or Drawing ; 3d. Color this city, and is to be given every year during and Effect; and, lastly, Execution.” The the lifetime of the founder. An artist having Academy has no claim on the painting thus once received this prize, is not eligible a sec- selected, and the same artist may not receive ond time. The picture chosen by the jury the prize twice in succession, nor more than for the second, becomes the property of Sam. twice in all. There is also a gold medal of uel T. Shaw, the donor of the fund. This the Academy, which was founded in 1893 by has been awarded for the last five years—to John H. Converse, and is awarded “at the Messrs. Theodore Robinson, Edmund C. Tar- discretion of the Board of Directors, in recbell, Henry P. Walker, William M. Chase, ognition of high achievement in their proand George W. Maynard.

fession, to American painters and sculptors The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine who may be exhibitors at the Academy or Arts, which has recently closed its sixty-sixth represented in the permanent collection, or annual exhibition, of more than usual impor- who for eminent services in the cause of Art tance, is still more liberally endowed. The as to this Academy, may have merited this Temple Trust Fund, created by the late distinction.” This medal has been given four Joseph E. Temple, yields an annual income times: to Ridgway Knight and Alexander of $1,800 for the purchase of works of art at Harrison in 1893, to William M. Chase in the discretion of the directors of the Acad- 1894, and to Winslow Homer in 1895. emy, and for the issue of medals to artists. At the sixty-fifth annual exhibition of the This competition is open to all American Academy, which opened in December, 1895, artists. Two gold medals may be awarded an additional prize of $5,000 was offered by by the painter's Jury of Selection for the best Mr. Wm. L. Elkins, of Philadelphia, for the two pictures painted in oil, without regard to best work by an American painter to be exsubject; but the jury has power to withhold hibited at the Academy, specifically entered one or both medals if the pictures offered in by the artist for the prize and not to have competition are not considered of sufficient been exhibited previous to that year, the merit. At this last exhibition, these medals founder of the prize to have for twenty days were awarded to George De Forest Brush for after the award the right of purchasing any his “ Mother and Child” and to John W. picture or pictures submitted, at the price Alexander for his group of eleven works. The named upon the memorandum of entry. The Walter Lippincott Prize of $300, was awarded jury of award, to be named by the Academy for the fourth time to Albert Herter's “ Le and to consist of seven persons, four of them Soir.” This carries with it an option on the to be artists, might award the sum either part of the founder to purchase the picture in one lump to the picture of the highest chosen, for one week after the announcement merit, or in two sums of $3,000 and $2,000 of the award, at the price named by the artist to the two of highest merit, and under these in the memorandum of entry. The conditions terms they gave the first prize of $3,000 to governing the award are, that the work se- Abbott H. Thayer for his “ Caritas," and the second to Edmund C. Tarbell for his “Girl those exhibited, the gold medal, to John Lavwith the White Azaleas."

ery, Glasgow, Scotland, for a painting enIn Boston, the Museum of the Fine Arts titled “ Lady in Brown;" the silver medal, to holds conditional legacy from the late J. Will- J. F. Raffaelli, of Paris, for a “ Notre Dame,” iam Paige of $30,000 under the conditions that the bronze, to Miss Cecilia Beaux, of Philathe Museum shall, within five years after his delphia, for “ Ernesta." The exhibition cirdeath, add $10,000 more, the income from the cular announced also that the Board of Trusgross amount to be devoted to a two years' tees, as provided in the Deed of Trust, will scholarship in Europe for a pupil of the insti- each year purchase not less than two works tution who shall have been most proficient in by American artists, for the Chronological painting. This additional sum has not yet Collection intended to represent the progress been raised. The Museum ceased to give of American Art beginning with the year 1896, annual exhibitions many years ago, that and that two medals of honor will be awarded function being now filled by the Art Club in to the two American artists whose works are Newberry Street, and the only award dis- placed in this collection. All these awards pensed by the Museum is a scholarship prize are guarded by the stipulation that an artist of three years residence in Europe under the having once received a prize or medal shall auspices of the School of Design and Paint- not be considered eligible for the same a secing connected with the institution. This, in ond time. connection with other prizes of a similar For the second annual exhibition in these educational character, will be noticed later. galleries, opening November 4, 1897, provi

The recent first annual exhibition of the sion has been made for a jury of eleven perCarnegie Art Galleries, in Pittsburg, marked sons, one of whom shall be the Chairman of the inauguration of a Department of Fine the Fine Arts Committee of the Board of Arts in that city, which, in the language of Trustees, who shall act as President and have the Director, “ has as one of its chief objects a deciding vote. Of the ten other members, the founding of a collection which will repre- two shall be artists residing in Europe, and sent American Art.” So many important all shall be elected by the votes of the invited canvases, both domestic and imported, were contributors to the exhibition, only those votes attracted by the liberal sum of $40,000 for received by the committee in Pittsburg on purchases placed at the disposal of the Art or before September 15, 1897, to be counted. Committee and the prizes and medals offered, The members of the jury will be the guests that it was found impossibie to hang at first of the Board of Trustees of the Art Fund; all the accepted ones. The first prize of they may exhibit works but shall not compete $5,000 was offered for the best painting in for medals or prizes. To the three medals of oil produced in the year 1896 by an Ameri- honor has been added an Honorable Mention, can artist, wherever resident, which was to be all to be awarded without regard to nationalfirst shown in this exhibition, the success- ity, but only to works still in the possession ful work to become the property of the Board of the artist, and which have been completed of Trustees of the Carnegie Fine Arts and within three years of the date of opening of Museum Collection Fund, and to be hung the exhibition. The gold medal carries with permanently on the walls of the Carnegie Art it an award of $1,500; the silver, of $1,000, Galleries. This offer was made “ on condi- and the bronze, of $500. The monetary value tion that the work shall be adjudged worthy of the two prizes offered to American artists and of sufficient artistic worth to properly has, however, been reduced from $5, and represent the best American Art of the year," $3,000 to $1.000 and $500 respectively, the and under these conditions it was given to artist accepting the prize agreeing that the Mr. Winslow Homer's coast scene, The Trustees shall have an option for sixty days Wreck.” The second prize, of $3,000, for from November 4, 1897, on his picture, at the painting in oil adjudged to be next in ar- the price at which it was entered in the exhitistic value, under the same conditions, was bition. given to Mr. Gari Melcher's “Shipbuilder." At the annual exhibitions of the Chicago The Board of Trustees also awarded three Art Institute several years ago, prizes of $200 medals of honor to the three artists, without or $300 each were awarded. No medals are regard to nationality, whose works were ad- now given. The recent International and judged of the highest artistic value among Cotton States Exposition in Atlanta, Ga.,

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used only one general medal in making the manent collection of the academy. The first awards in all departments of exhibits. At the of these was received from Mr. S. S. Jewett Thirteenth Annual Exhibition of the St. Lou- in 1871, and the second from the late F. W. is Exposition and Music Hall Association, Tracy, Esq. which immediately preceded that at the Car- On the Pacific coast, the San Francisco Art negie Galleries in Pittsburg, and which was Association issued an address to “the artists also an important display of carefully selected of California ” in November, 1895, announcpaintings, European and American, no prizes ing a competition in historical painting to be or medals were offered, we believe, this exhi- held under its auspices in the following winter, bition relying upon its heavy sales to attract for three prizes offered by its president, Mr. the artist's envois. These, it is claimed, “ have James D. Phelan," for the encouragement of exceeded in number and amount the sales at local art and historical research.” The first any similar expositions in the United States.” prize, of $800, was for the best picture painted Consequently, and also because of the system- by a California artist, resident in the State, repatic efforts to present the most interesting resenting one of these subjects : “ The Disschools of contemporary Art, this claims to covery of the Pacific Ocean by Balboa ; " hold the position of “the leading Art exhibi- “ The Discovery of California by Cabrillo;” tion of the year in the United States.” The “The Discovery of the Bay of San Francisco most valuable collections of paintings and by Portola." The second choice in the comsculpture in the year 1896 certainly seem to petition was to receive $150, and the third, have been gathered west of the Alleghanies, $50. The successful picture was to become and not on the Atlantic seaboard, if we ex- the property of the Art Association, and all cept the autumn exhibition of the Philadel- the competitive canvases were to be exhibited phia Academy, to which many of the Pitts- at the next spring exhibition of the association, burg pictures were transferred.

in April, 1896. The judges were chosen in Not

many of these official awards are offered the following manner : Two artists by the by the more important Western Art institu- competitors, two laymen by the directors of tions, several of which, indeed, do not hold any the association, and a fifth, who was to be regular exhibitions. The Layton Art Gallery an artist, by the four so chosen. Under these has no system of medals or awards, nor has conditions the competition was carried out, any other artistic society in the city, so far as and the prizes awarded respectively to Messrs. is known. It is recorded that Mr. Frederick Mathews, Keith, and Pissis. Historical art Layton one year offered the Milwaukee Art being a plant of very feeble growth in this Association a prize. The only medals con- country, or, rather, being one that having nected with the history of the Detroit Museum made a promising start in the early days has of Art are two bronze ones presented by the since died and completely departed, such welltrustees to Messrs. Frederick Stearns and meant encouragement is worthy of record James E. Scripps in June of last year, in ack- and imitation. nowledgment of their services to the museum. In the national capital, the Corcoran GalThe Cincinnati Museum Association, which lery of Art awards prizes only in its schools, holds interesting exhibitions of works of arts and the two artistic societies, that of the Washof all kinds, and corresponds with the leading ington artists and the Cosmos Club, make no academies and museums of the country, has awards. The latter purchases annually a pictnot yet offered any medals or money awards to ure to the value of $200 from the exhibit exhibitors, though it has on several occasions made by the former. purchased works exhibited ; on one occasion giving $500 for a painting by a Cincinnati HE remarkable series of illustrations by artist. The Art Association of Indianapolis René Reinicke for Mme. Blanche Willis has no official prizes to offer; nor has the Art Howard's story “ No Continuing City,” League of Minneapolis ; nor the Buffalo Fine in this number of the Magazine, marks the Arts Academy, excepting in the art schools; first appearance of this famous artist's work the latter, however, reckons among its funded in any American periodical. In Germany he assets two donations, one of $10,000 and the has been for years one of the most important other of $20,000, from both of which the in- and constant contributors to the illustration of terest is devoted to the purchase of works of Fliegende Blätter, and few men enjoy a Art to be added from time to time to the per- greater popularity.

T

Herr Reinicke's genius for embodying types modern school. The faithfulness and sugand bringing out odd notes of character is gestiveness of the drawings for “No Conenough to make him one of the great suc- tinuing City ” will not need to be pointed out cession of character - draftsmen to which to anyone familiar with the street types of a Cruikshank and Leech belong ; while his work German town, even if he has no closer acshows all the advance in method of the most quaintance with the German poor.

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ABOUT THE

WORLD

A

ND so at last New York City is to have buildings, no less than eighty-eight architects a great library—a library which will submitted plans; the judges, Professor Ware,

be to other libraries what the metrop- of Columbia University, and Mr. Bernard R. olis is to other cities. It was an exceedingly Green, engineer of the Congressional Library, happy thought to combine the Astor, Lenox, selected twelve architects to compete in the and Tilden foundations in one great demo- finals,” each of the twelve to receive a prize

cratic institution; the of $400, and $800 to cover the cost of drawBooks Books

directorship has fallen ings, whether or not any of his suggestions Books

into the hands of a are used. Under the terms of the legislation man of great force and which established the library, its buildings administrative ability, are to be constructed by the Department Dr. John S. Billings; of Public Works, from the plans secured by and a site has been the Trustees after these have been approved chosen which is well- by the Board of Estimate and Apportionnigh ideal—the space ment.

now occupied by the The space now occupied by the reservoir, THE NEW YORK imposing masonry of which makes such a picturesque feature of the

the old reservoir, in the Fifth Avenue vista, is 482 x 455 feet, so that PUBLIC LBRARY parallelogram formed there will

be room for an edifice of really magby Forty-second Street nificent dimensions, with sufficient space about on the north, Bryant Park on the west, it to insure a plentiful supply of light and air. Fortieth Street on the south, and Fifth The structure will cost $1,700,000, exclusive of Avenue on the east.

heating, lighting, and all interior equipment. The methods and plans of the trustees for It will measure about 230 by 340 feet, which the buildings and equipment of this coming would allow about seventy-five feet of ground New York Public Library are so carefully on the Fifth Avenue front, and about fiftythought out, and speak so intelligently the last eight on Fortieth and Forty-second Streets. word in the science of library-making, that they On the west side there is, happily, Bryant have an interest for many people other than Park, with its pleasant relief of green foliage. the vexed New Yorkers of library habits and The stone building will probably be faced with needs who have been contending as best they Indiana limestone. The book-stacks will be might with the lack of public facilities in the in the first and second stories and the basemetropolis.

ment, leaving the third story for the readingIn the competition for the designing of the room and other purposes. This arrangement

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