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It would appear but natural that issues whose It might well have been expected that patriotmemories can evoke such support should have ism would have arisen rampant at the apleft much of their sting behind, yet at these re- proach of its high feast, and unions each year Union and Confederate sol- monopolized our attention and diers meet not only in amity but in a spirit of the front pages of the newsespecial friendliness. Numbers of instances papers. But not Independence C Y have been recorded where a speaker address- memories; not tangled tariffs;

THE BATTLE ing an assemblage of veterans has described not Hawaiian annexation, with some dramatic little incident that marked his its attendant national problems

STROKES own experience of a particular battle—an im- and its reopening of the burnpromptu picket duel, or a friendly swapping ing question of territorial ag- POUGH of tobacco, or a hand to hand struggle in grandizement; not the political

KEEPSIE the thickest of a charge-only to receive un- struggle ahead of the inhabiexpected corroboration of his tale from a tants of Greater New York whilom antagonist who had been the unknown none of these topics proved " Yank” or “ Johnny Reb.” At each great able to hold its own against public function of both North and South dur- the eight-oared boat-races at Poughkeepsie ing the last two decades representatives of the and the supremacy of “ strokes " believed to other section have figured conspicuously, and be involved therein. at General Grant's funeral one of the most Now such an utter absorption would be reprominent of the invited guests was a South- markable under any circumstances; but when ern General. But perhaps the most striking it is considered that the average American case of all occurred some years ago when an never even saw a boat-race, this pastime reeducational institution drawing its students quiring conditions all too rarely found among from both North and South invited simulta- us, and that certainly not one man out of a neously to its lecture platform the Union and hundred has the slightest personal knowledge Confederate leaders of the forces engaged in of any stroke whatever, the gusto with which the terrible fighting at Fort Fisher. These detailed comparisons of crews and strokes two gentlemen delivered a joint address de- were devoured becomes a phenomenon of scribing in detail the progress of the assault- more than usual interest. “Here, Major killed about 200 of my We took this particular contest with more men, so we ordered up the reserves," and so than usual seriousness, for, as all will rememon. Thirty years ago this colossal conflict ber, the three competitors represented as many ended, and it cost both sides over half a mill- different styles of rowing, each of which was ion lives and $10,000,000,000, yet the very claimed by its supporters to be the only actors in the struggle, the men who flew at method sanctioned by true science. Curiously each other's throats like tigers, can already enough no one of these styles corresponded discuss such events with the impartiality of exactly either to the English " or “ Amerithe historian! Such swift and complete heal- can” strokes. Practically speaking, these ing of grisly wounds speaks well indeed for two opposing systems were characterized, the the healthfulness of our body politic.

former by a short slide and a long swing back,

the latter by a quick, strong thrust with a full HAT contradictory composite, The slide, utilizing the utmost leg-power. In one

American Character, has, during many the aim was to have the oar under water as

decades, been a peculiarly efficient much of the time as possible; in the other to whetstone for foreign journalistic wits, but apply the utmost propelling power in a short the many perspicacious analyses of it, British time, the crew being trained to the utmost and Gallic alike, have very generally failed to precision of catch and recovery. Many benote one of its most salient features: the love lieved that, with equal crews and conditions, of sport.

That this should appertain to us our cousins across the water had decidedly as part of our Anglo-Saxon heritage was to the best of the argument in four-mile races, be expected; and if one were called upon to although the quick, choppy pull, of which prove the fact, no more telling evidence could Cornell was once the leading exponent, might be adduced than the public state of mind, as prove very efficacious over shorter distances shown by the “public prints,” for the weeks where a spurt from start to finish was posimmediately preceding last Fourth of July. sible.


The question as to the merits of these op- that these two victories demonstrated the corposing theories has divided not only college rectness of Mr. Courtney's views. Cornell paragainst college, but each college at various tisans rail at the assertion that their prophet times against itself. Yale has been perhaps derived any inspiration from the enemy at as consistent in policy as any. Under the Henley. Yet it is the judgment of the best leadership of the redoubtable Mr. “Bob” critics that Cornell's victories were due to Mr. Cook, Yale crews were long trained to what Courtney's able selection of the best points has attained fame as the “Cook stroke.” This from both methods. Adopting the long swing was a development of Mr. Cook's theories, in vogue on the other side, he retained the leg and combined great precision of motion with thrust, which is undoubtedly the strongest a long reach, the legs still having the greater feature of the American system. At least that share of the work. After last year's Hen- is what is claimed for him- in the light of his ley races, however, Mr. Cook still further victory; certainly the theory is sound, and it modified his ideas, and this year the Yale seems probable we must look for next year's crew rowed a stroke closely modelled on winner, other things being equal, to the crew that which carried Leander to victory at which most successfully combines the “ long Henley.

pull” and the “strong pull.” Harvard was under much the same influ- Harvard was last, yet the rowing outlook ence. Her trainer, Mr. R. C. Lehmann, one at that university is brighter than for many of the best known of English" coaches," had years. The crew was perhaps the best Harsucceeded in arousing the keenest interest vard has ever turned out, and there are many and the full support of the various rowing shrewd boating men who declare that if Mr. factions, each of which had found support for Lehmann had not failed to realize the differits own theories in a long list of defeats. ence between some American and English Under Mr. Lehmann's instruction the crew conditions his men would have carried the was pulling a pure English stroke, closely re- day. There is every prospect of a great consembling that of Yale, whom they excelled in test in 1898. Cornell naturally believes more smoothness and in recovery, although sharp than ever in Courtney's stroke ; Yale has lost observers professed to discern greater power no jot of faith in “Bob" Cook; and Harvard in Yale's sweep. Cornell, who had had as evidently believes Mr. Lehmann will yet do usual the benefit of the veteran Courtney's the trick for her. The latter took several instruction, won handily from both crews, members of the crew with him to Henley just repeating the feat a few days later against after the Poughkeepsie meet, with the idea of Pennsylvania and Columbia. Despite the giving them ani ocular demonstration of what fact that the personal equation is always a he has been trying to inculcate. So we shal troublesome unknown quantity in comparing probably be thrilled again next year with anathletic systems, it has been widely claimed other contest of strokes.

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XVIII., Vol. II.

"She began, trembling, pulling the jewels from her arms."

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helplessness of Greece produced the im

pression I have described. Sometimes the T is just pos- spectacle became unbearable, and I well

sible that remember that on one occasion, stifled by

among the the oppressive political atmosphere, I fed readers of this from the city, climbed to the Akropolis, magazine may and sat me down on the steps of the Parbe a gray-haired thenon to try and escape, through the inpioneer whose fluence of the remnants of the immortal fate it has been past, from the misery of the present. The to see a fellow- scene was as beautiful as when the Athecreature tort- nians flocked to gaze, in delighted awe, ured to death upon the latest Pheidian incarnation of by Red Indians. their goddess. Lycabettus pointed, as If so, that reader then, to a “shadowless, keen ether,” the can form an ad- slopes of “ flowery hill Hymettus were

equate notion as purple, and still “there the blithe bee Evzones of the Palace Guard, Athens.

of the state of his fragrant fortress builds; " the fields

mind of any and orchards toward Phaleron were as lover of Greece and student of interna- green, and in the groves tional affairs who spent the months of March and April of this year in Athens.

the Attic bird The Concert of Europe and the Turk were Trills her thick - warbled notes the summer

long; the torturers ; Hellas was the victim. As the situation developed and the telegrams and now, as then, werefrom the different capitals arrived each day, the effect to the sympathetic on

mountains and islands inviolably looker was that, day by day, a fresh hot Prankt on the sapphire sea. iron was applied to the living flesh, another sliver driven under the finger-nail. The city below told of triumph. Half a I do not mean to imply by this simile that century before it was a wretched Turkthe guilt was all on one side and the in- ish village—a single street of dilapidated nocence on the other—far from it ; but wooden sheds. The now well-wharfed the ruthless might of the Powers and the and teeming harbor of the Piræus was

Copyright, 1897, by Charles Scribner's Sons. All rights reserved.

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