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ican colleges. Its students have no polite ac

PRINCETON complishments. It is always painfully apparent

YALE FIELO that they have been educated in Connecticut.”

The times favored the development of strong men, and while in the earlier years the Church claimed the majority of graduates, in later years statesmen and soldiers outnumbered all others. Four Yale graduates, Livingston, Morris, Wolcott, and Hall, signed the Declaration of Independence; eighteen were in the convention that framedi the Constitution. Thirty-four ministers served as chaplains in the army, and there are records of one hundred and fifty graduates who served in the Continental line, including Wooster, Humphreys, Talmadge, Wadsworth, and Wyllys, the last of whom was in the leading battalion that stormed one of the Yorktown redoubts.

It is a notable fact that the descendants of James Pierpont, well called the founder of the college, have been closely associated with the conduct of its affairs for nearly two hundred years. Timothy Dwight, who was at the

head of the college
at the beginning of
the present cen-
tury, was his great
grandson through
the line of Jon-
athan Edwards
of the Class of
1720, the wonder-
ful preacher and
theologian whose
name to this day is
the most illustrious
in the Church of
New England.
Theodore D.

Woolsey, the late
Mannila! honored President

of the college, was a
great great grand-
son of that James
Pierpont, and
the Timothy Dwight of to-day is his lineal descendant.
The first President Dwight was a man of large mind,
a believer in all kinds of knowledge, and a generous
friend of all good learning and thought. He was, by
the testimony of all who knew him, remarkable for his
personal magnetism over all sorts of men and for the
fulness and symmetry of his powers. He developed
largely the atmosphere of the early days of the New
Haven Colony of individual freedom, of mutual re-

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Princeton-Yale Game at the Field.

gard, creating a generous, tolerant com- bear witness to the influence which the munity. Through him and those whom example and instruction of Jeremiah Day, he influenced the new century was made Benjamin Silliman, and James L. Kingsat its beginning to strengthen and estab- ley had upon their lives. Their term of lish the characteristics of the earlier time. service began in the last century and The discipline of the institution was continued until 1852, and their succeschanged; the whole system of pecuniary sors in the various chairs of instruction fines was swept away; the theory was have undoubtedly received inspiration established that the students should be from the tradition of their service. By treated as gentlemen. The custom of their individual prominence in their own placing freshmen in a degrading depen- departments and by their united labors,

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dence on the members of the upper classes they heightened the reputation of the colwas abolished as a relic of a barbarous lege which President Dwight had extend

ed throughout the whole country. Those One of the greatest services he ren- who followed them proved worthy of the dered to the college was the selection of inheritance : Chauncey A. Goodrich, in some graduates of unusual promise whom service from 1817 to 1860, who clothed he influenced to become instructors, un- the dry bones of classic rhetoric and critconsciously shaping its educational policy icism with the flesh and blood of a living for the next fifty years. Three of them enthusiasm ; Theodore D. Woolsey, the were for more than half a century asso- very embodiment of a ripe and versatile ciated with one another in the service. scholarship, a master of the Greek language The heading of the catalogue of 1806, and literature, and an honored President at that time printed only upon a card, for twenty-five years ; Noah Porter, psycontains their names. There are men ye chologist and lexicographer as well as living in all parts of the world who will President; Thomas A. Thacher, counsel




The Victorious Crew of 1859.

lor and friend to many grateful college fields over which he could so proudly soar. generations. The history of the university The world knows his great achievements in shows perhaps no scholar more conspic- Oriental philology, but he was also matheuous in any branch of learning than James matician, essayist and poet, and all his qualHadley was in all. It seems to us now a ities of intellect received a charm from rare waste of splendid talent that he should modesty, patience, and gentle courtesy. have been chained to the task of plodding There was about him, too, a quiet humor beside the stumbling feet of beginners in which would often appear in a shadowy

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smile at some incredible blunder and a soft


And long may the song, the joyous song, “Yes ?” followed by a statement in exact

Roll on in the hours before us, variance with the adventurous answer.

And grand and hale may the elms of Yale

For many a year bend o’er us. It was natural that a college whose professors continued so long in service should

In the memory of older graduates, too, maintain a conservatism in its external the simplicity and dignity of the old chapappearance as well as in its administra- el were of higher worth than any structural tion. Many years must elapse before the splendor. In and out of its portals daily, architecture of the modern campus will morning and evening, poured for many be infused with the associations of the old years the whole college body, saluting with brick row which it has supplanted. The reverent bow the President as he passed plain buildings had no charm of fretted down the centre aisle.

From that plain masonry or solid costliness. They made pulpit fianked by tutors' pews on either the background for a long vista of elms side were preached sermons on the Natwhich dappled them with flickering light ure of Sin, the Freedom of the Human and shade and varied to the eye the soft Will

, and the Divine Decrees, the effusions wide slopes of the Green beyond. At of a consistent and conservative theology. night they stored, like reservoirs of senti- A restless, mercurial throng listened to ment, the harmonies of “ Gaudeamus,"

them from below, watched over by vigthe blithe strains of “ The Sheepskin " or

ilant tutors in sentry-like boxes on the " Cocachelunk” or the more tender songs the reverend professors and their families,

side aisles. Over all in the galleries sat of Francis M. Finch of '49 :

watching in majestic serenity the throbFloating away like the fountain's spray,

bing tide of youthful life. What devotion Or the snow-white plume of a maiden.

there was in the beautiful music of the

college choir and how that grand old And the echoes of his Alumni Song :

hymn swelled out among the elms as it

does to-day from eight hundred voices : Clasp ye the hand 'neath the arches grand

If through unruffled seas That with garlands span our greeting,

Toward heaven we calmly sail With a silent prayer that an hour as fair

With grateful hearts, O God, to Thee May smile on each after meeting;

We'll own the favoring gale;



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But should the surges rise

ceedings. Questions which passed the And rest delay to come, Blest be the sorrow, kind the storm,

scrutiny of a committee that they might Which drives us nearer home.

correct any “bad grammar, wrong spelling,

or the like,” were entered together with Morning prayers were less solemn. A the answers on the minutes of the scribe. gathering for worship at five in the sum- Here are some of them : “How is the mer and at six in the winter was more like greatest common measure discovered in the penance of a cloister than a devotional algebraic quantities ?” " To extract the exercise. The chapel was cold, the lights square root of fgths ? " “What is the were dim, the prayers were - long. The reason that tho' all rivers run into the sea, gibing rhymster sang :

the sea doth not increase ?" Nathan

Hale, of the Revolution, propounded the Day's prayers they are delightful,

following : “How are the parts of life They last from morn till nightfall; And when to pray Day's once begun,

divided ?" The answer, “ Into threeDay never stops till day is done.

the vegetive, the sensitive, the rational."

" What thing is the most delightful to The singing furnished the only relief, and man in the world ?” Answer, “ It is Professor Silliman felt this when after read- much as the person is ; if he is luxurious, ing eight verses of a

he delights most in what hymn, he finished with

he ought most to be the line" And sing to

ashamed of. Virtuous all eternity—omitting the

men will take greatest delast two stanzas.” The

light in virtuous actions ; congregation were

but what is most delightdressed in motley, with a

ful to most men is getting general predilection for a

money.” The first quesshawl or circular cloak

tion in extemporary deand a pair of rubber boots

bates in 1772 was,

Is it to hide their naked frail

right to enslave the · Afties, and make them pre

ricans ?'”. Most of the sentable for the hour of

subjects were theological recitation which preceded

and indicated a spirit of a long-deferred breakfast.

free inquiry for that time. In the social life of the

“Can a finite nature comcollege the great debating

mit infinite sin ? ” “Is insocieties always held a

fant baptism a damage to prominent place, and


religion ? " “Was the contributed largely to

punishment threatened to that capacity for organi

Announcement of Senior Furniture Sale.
- Page 26.

Adam in case of disobezation and that cohesion

dience anything more which has always been and is to-day a than a temporal death ?" noticeable characteristic of Yale. Lino- When a new government was in procnia, established in 1753, and Brothers in ess of formation, many political subjects Unity, founded by David Humphreys in found their way into the field of society 1768, were intended to supply a literary debate.“ Have the United States any culture which the curriculum did not fur- right to oblige any one of the States to nish, and they fulfilled this office for one come into the Constitution ? " “Ought hundred years. They did much toward not the slave-trade to be abolished ?" "Is breaking down the barriers between the commerce on its present footing beneficial classes and promoting harmony and good- to the United States ? ”—were questions fellowship in college ; they furnished discussed by men who afterward had an ample opportunity for the display of fo- active part in building States and the rensic and literary ability and political ac- nation. The names of David Humphreys, tivity. Extemporaneous disputes, orations, friend and staff - officer of Washington, compositions, and humorous dialogues are Timothy Dwight, Nathan Hale, James mentioned in the earliest recorded pro- Kent, Jeremiah Mason, John C. Calhoun,





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