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into the courts, but she swore black in the nursery, the smart white foxwas white for him, and they believed terriers running at Owen's heels,-he her. I don't believe she tells lies easily; had a masterly way of training dogs, she does n't look like it. But she the starched, stiff parlor-maid impassneed n't have treated me like dirt. I ively laying tea, church on Sunday, did n't mean a thing down here but to and the pew full of the occupants of do a piece of work I could n't get him Pollards, all regular and handsome and to settle to in town. He's a wonderful solid. What was happening to the in
a head for business, Owen has; only he's side of these hollow beings? Was lazy.
everything that looked so safe a bog "She came in one day suddenly when under one's feet? Nina was speaking I was alone with him. It was awk- again. ward, I 'll admit, but he might have “I could n't stand it,” she repeated, got out of it somehow if he 'd tried. "to see you here, and he starting it Perhaps she got him into a corner,-he all up again, me not out of the house, can't stand being got in a corner,-SO and you her friend. Well, it was a bit he probably turned nasty and gave us too thick, was n't it? And I have my both away. Anyhow, the fat was in pride. He 'll chuck me for this, but I the fire.
don't care now; he should n't have "She 'd had enough, poor thing; I said what he did, not after—you do suppose his bringing me down looked a look shocking, Miss Featherstone dear. bit too steep. I can't blame her. I've Do take a glass of water or something." felt like it many a time, but I never “No, no,” said Joy; “I don't want had the pluck.
anything." She rose slowly to her feet, "You see, dear, what happened to holding on to the back of her chair. Mrs. Ransome was n't an accident: She was quite steady now, and she she meant to do herself in. Oh, my understood.
understood. She understood some of God, dear, don't faint! You 're as it, but she felt that there must be some white as glass!"
monstrous mistake somewherea misJoy covered her face with her hands. take less monstrous than the truth. She had queer images going on in her "I must go to Julia,” she said, mind: the twins eating bread and milk “Let me pass, please; I must see Julia!"
(To be concluded)
Zionism is daily assuming a significance that demands full examination and debate. Dr. Gibbons here presents vigorously one aspect of the anti-Zionist point of view. We offer it not as the point of view of THE CENTURY MAGAZINE, but as the opening statement of an interesting debate in which our readers will have both sides of this question fully discussed. --- THE EDITOR.
HE aftermath of the war has European countries at the expense of
many things to be deplored and some elements. A study of the figures of things to be feared. On June 16, 1858, the 1920 census will convince any man Abraham Lincoln said at Springfield, of sober judgment of the impossibility Illinois: "I do not expect the house to of making Americanization synonyfall, but I do expect it will cease to be mous with the acceptance of Anglodivided. It will become all one thing Saxon culture and a “pan-Angle or all the other." Because Abraham alliance." The figures are against Lincoln realized that we were at the “the hands across the sea" and "blood cross-roads, and because his faith in is thicker than water” propagandists. the nation choosing the right road In 1920 the United States was an was coupled with the determination to English-speaking, but not an Anglomake men see which was the right Saxon, nation. What will it be in road, he became President, and saved 1930? In 1940? We must realize his country. Once more there is that whatever system of regulating division within the household. We immigration we use, a large influx of do not expect the house to fall, but English and Scotch is not to be hoped are we taking steps to provide that for. More important still, one has “it will cease to be divided”?
only to use his eyes to see that the old The German, Irish, Polish, Russian, Anglo-Saxon stock in this country is and Jewish elements in our population producing per family fewer children are too numerous, too virile, too intel- than German Americans, Irish Amerligent, to be "Americanized” by steam- icans, Polish Americans, Russian Amerroller methods. They will not ex- icans, and Jewish Americans. The change their culture and traditions for percentage in favor of elements which Anglo-Saxon culture and traditions. refuse to become Anglicized runs from They will oppose, and oppose success- two to four children more per family fully, the entry of the United States in this generation than among Ameriinto a coalition or alliance to protect cans of English and Scotch blood. and advance the interests of certain In the face of these facts (study the
census, and the reader can check up his adoption when he attends a Sinn on me), it does not do the slightest Fein meeting. He has as much right good for members of the Anglo-Saxon to dream of McGillicuddy's Reeks group to call the Sinn Feiners jack- towering over Killarney as Admiral asses, cry traitor to the German Sims and I have to think of Magdalen Americans who took President Wilson Tower and the steeple of St. Mary the at his word, berate the Poles, denounce Virgin rising over Oxford. You think the Russians and the Bolshevists, or of love-feasts in Paris, and say that become anti-Semites. On the other the Treaty of Versailles shall stand. hand, it will do a lot of harm. My Your fellow-citizen, Hans Schwartz, phrase is not strong enough. The has a letter from his folks in Westattempt to make assimilation with phalia, and declares that it sha'n't. the customs and traditions and inter- Pat and Hans each have six children; ests of the Anglo-Saxon group and you have one. Quot filii [et filiæ), tot professed friendship for any European nation the tests of Americanization During the war, one hundred per will lead to a permanent and hopeless cent. Americans were after the pacidestruction of our national life. I fists and pro-Germans. When the feel this so keenly that I must state it armistice was signed, baiting had bebaldly.
come a habit; so they discovered that It is not that those of us who belong foreigners who failed to shave were to the older blood and who have an Bolshevists. Now suspicion of underalmost fanatical pride in our institu- mining our institutions seems to have tions and affection for the country and turned against the Jews. My mail civilization which gave us our back- brings me much less about the Bolsheground should be content to see the vists and the I. W. W. than it did last United States changed into an incho- year, but scarcely a day passes that ate dumping-ground of Europe; but some one does not write to me that the we should realize that we are not living Jews are plotting to control the world. in a world of theories, that fulfilment In letters and pamphlets I get a of a desire is not accomplished simply continuous rehash of the London
a by expressing it, and that facts are not "Morning Post,” the Paris "La Vieille to be dismissed with a lordly wave of France," and the Dearborn “Indepenthe hand. I am afraid that the old dent." Of course Dearborn is not as American stock and its attitude were large a place as London or Paris, but it well illustrated by Assemblyman Fal- has put itself upon the map by passing coner, who had never heard of Einstein. on to the American public what Mr. His ignorance of the Berlin professor's Henry Ford's young men have read existence did not make Einstein a myth, in European anti-Semitic journals. nor did it prevent Einstein from receiv- The articles of the Dearborn “Indeing the freedom of the city of New York. pendent,” however, cannot be passed Because you and I have Haig's etching over with a laugh or answered by a of Durham Cathedral in our study denunciation of the motives of the and love to read Walter Pater, that is Detroit manufacturer who inspires no reason why Patrick McDermott them. The Ford campaign is sympshould feel untrue to the country of tomatic of a condition that is new in the United States. Mr. Ford did not were accepted everywhere without create this condition. He has aggra- hesitation, and no position in governvated it, of course, but if the minds of ment service or in business was denied the American people were not ready them. In proportion to their numfor what the Dearborn "Independent" bers, Jews always played an important
“ has asserted, Mr. Ford's "Interna- part in American life. Every one of tional Jew" would have been laughed the older cities in America has Jewish out of existence in the same way Mr. families who have retained their Ford's peace ship was.
ancient faith, who have identified
themselves with purely Jewish activi82
ties, and who are still regarded as The attention which the Dearborn
among the "best families" of the cities "Independent's" campaign is com- in which they live. In the laws and ' manding in this country, despite the customs of the American people there discreet silence of other newspapers, is no discrimination against Jews. The demonstrates the existence of anti- Jewish question, in its social and ecoSemitic feeling. This is a distressing nomic aspects, arose only after the result of the World War. And yet it is great tide of immigration from Russia impossible to believe that the ground set in thirty years ago. In its politiwas not fertile for it to spring up into cal aspect it has arisen here since the a full-grown movement in so short a Balfour declaration of November 2, time. In dealing with internal and 1917, which purported to give the international problems of European Jews "a national home” in Palestine.
" countries, anti-Semitism has long been In its religious aspect it does not exist. an accepted fact and factor, but until Social prejudice is a curious phe1918 were the Jews widely spoken of nomenon, the causes of which are not by us as a disruptive force to be readily distinguishable. It shows it
. reckoned with in American life, and self arbitrarily against any group as agents of an international organi- which is too numerous or too suddenly zation aiming at world domination? prosperous or too clannish. But in
During the period of settlement in my experience I have never seen an the seventeenth and eighteenth cen- instance of social prejudice acting turies there were few Jews in America, arbitrarily against a person unless he and during the greater part of the belonged to an Asiatic or African race. nineteenth century those who came No doors are closed to Jews in America over here to cast in their fortunes with simply because they are Jews. Excluthe growing republic found that they sion from hotels and clubs is a hardship did not have to feel either the political that has to be endured by many a man or social barriers erected everywhere or woman because of the faults or against Jews in the Old World. Of characteristics of others. When Jews course there was a certain amount of were few, they were never barred. prejudice due to age-old notions and Even now there is no hotel or club traditions of Christendom. But the that would not be glad to have some prejudice was social prejudice, and was Jews. The trouble is that Jews themnever felt by Jews of gentle breeding selves, wherever they have gathered in or of intellectual attainments. They numbers, have displayed a strong
group spirit. The exclusiveness is on The super-sensitiveness of Jews of their side and leads to the exclusion. the older immigration, who feel that Social prejudice is not a manifestation they have to suffer because of the of anti-Semitism, then, nor is anti- unprepossessing qualities of their coSemitism a development of social religionists of the later immigration, prejudice.
and the ignorance of Jews of the later Nor is there racial prejudice against immigration, lead them into a fundaJews ipso facto. The Jews who feel mental misunderstanding of the attithat there is this racial prejudice are tude of their Christian fellow-citizens. victims of their own imagination, and We are ready to break bread with Jews, have brought the idea with them from receive them in our homes, marry them, Europe. Racial prejudice is a strong and work with them, and very often term, and cannot be imputed to those under them. Many of my dearest who claim to dislike Jews as a group. friends are Jews, and I find that they The white man instinctively denies have in common only one characterissocial equality to colored races. He tic, an impenitent sort of idealism. possesses a physical antipathy for all In everything else they are as different Africans, and in varying degrees for from one another as Gentile friends. Asiatics. Something within him which The rise of anti-Semitism in the United he cannot control makes it impos- States does not, and cannot, feed upon sible for him to have a close rela- religious bigotry, social prejudice, or tionship with them. There is none of racial antipathy. this feeling about Jews, who, like Arabs and other peoples of the Near
$ 3 East, are a white race in their origins. A dislike of the Jewish element on If an American feels any physical re- business grounds, and a feeling of unpugnance for a Galician or Polish or easiness concerning the Jew's place in Russian Jew who has just arrived, it our economic life, have long been reais a mere question of the lack of a sons for incipient anti-Semitism. Virbath, and identically the same feeling tually every other immigrant strain in is experienced by the newly arrived the multi-textured America has pene immigrant's American coreligionists. trated all through the country, and Racial prejudice, in the narrower when its numbers passed the million European sense of the word, is also mark, has settled on the land. The lacking. The older Anglo-Saxon and Northern groups did this from the Teutonic elements in the United States beginning. Within the last twenty possess a certain arrogance in dealing years Slavs and notably Italians have even with other white races taken in taken to farming. When we had fifty the aggregate. Members of the Jew
Members of the Jew- thousand Jews in the United States, ish group may feel that there is a their whole-hearted devotion to comcertain reserve in the attitude of the merce and banking, while noticeable, Anglo-Saxon and Teutonic groups, was not alarming. Now that we have but they can rest assured that this more than 3,300,000, a good half of same reserve is shown toward other whom have not gone fifteen miles from European races, Latin, Greek, and Ellis Island, and only a few thousand Slavic.
of whom are tilling the soil, we can no