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have been, however, not unfavorable. Statistics demon- other sections. Hence the «Great South » and the Great strate that in some parts of the West « farm lands are West » papers; the papers on farming in different localselling for much more than they brought half a dozen ities and by different methods, and on great features of years ago, and mortgages are being paid up. Uncer- natural scenery; the recent papers on forestry, irrigatain climatic conditions have had to do with the distress tion, etc. The magazine expects to continue in this in certain sections, also competition, over-production, line. For while actual travel cannot be forced, as the and other causes not allied to currency conditions. The writer of the open letter generously wishes to force it, questions for inquiry are as to the true causes of dis- it is possible, and it is a public duty, to cultivate mutual content and as to practicable and genuine cures. understanding and good will by means of those fire

It has always been a desire of THE CENTURY MAGA- side travels » on which the illustrated magazine can ZINE to make each section of the country known to all conduct its immense company of tourists.

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FRANK W. BENSON.

Sloane's Napoleon.

plete portraiture of other great characters of the time (SEE PORTRAIT ON PAGE 912.)

associated with or against Napoleon, and drawn with You TOU are to be congratulated upon the publication of the equal candor and accuracy. But within its constrained

most satisfactory life of Bonaparte which has yet been limits the book is a treasure, is almost the only life of presented to the public. Professor Sloane deserves the Napoleon to be safely submitted to the youth of the highest praise for his recent contribution, in the pages country as a part of its culture in history. Its characof The CENTURY MAGAZINE, to the verities of history. teristic portraits add a charm to the text. He will receive it not only from the lovers of a vivid

John A. Kasson. and picturesque style of historical writing, but also from the scholar who searches the historic record with an im

« The Century's) American Artists Series. partial spirit, that the very truth of motive and of char

(SEE PAGE 917.) acter may be ascertained. A still higher aim of the true FRANK W. BENSON, the painter of «Summer," was born historian is the interpretation of the underlying provi- in Salem, Massachusetts, thirty-four years ago. When dential order of cause and effect which science finds in eighteen he entered the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, nature, and which the historian should find in the pro- where he studied four years. In 1883 he went to Paris, gress of humanity.

and became a pupil of the Academy Julien. There he I have never read a story of Napoleon Bonaparte's life had the benefit of two years' study under the eminent or career which so nearly attains this sum of attractions masters Boulanger and Lefebvre. as does the work of Professor Sloane. While escaping

In 1889 he was chosen instructor in his former school, the influence of the blinding hostility of English criti- the Boston Museum Fine Arts, a position he now holds. cisms of the Corsican adventurer, he equally refuses to

Mr. Benson is a member of the Society of American subordinate his judgment to the adoring enthusiasms Artists; a winner of the Shaw, Hallgarten, and Clarke with which the French surrounded their military em- prizes, National Academy of Design, New York; Jordan peror. He never loses sight of the man, whether his and Art Club prizes, Boston; and the third prize in the ambition is limited to the partizan seizure of a fortress recent competition for the decoration of the Philadelon his native island, or contemplates the partition of phia City Hall. He is one of the artists at present the world between himself and the Emperor of Russia. engaged in the decoration of the new Congressional The man is always revealed, within the lieutenant's uni- Library, Washington. form, or behind the embroidered robe of this ruler of

If what the distinguished French critic Albert Wolf kings. Nearly all previous writers upon this brilliant said is true, « What gives value to a work of art is theme-the twenty-five dramatic years of France - have the artist's own sentiment added to his science,» Mr. been thrown off their mental balance by the scenic glo- Benson's works are precious. His sentiment seldom rises ries of the stage as the curtain was lifted and revealed into poetry, but it is often akin to it. His science is the greatest actor of modern centuries. This author, excellent (by science I understand mastery over paints on the contrary, keeps his feet on the ground, and his and brushes, and knowing how to make a picture). He eye steadily fixed upon the central figure, and the composes with taste and rare decorative perception, and studied effects which he produces, from his first en

executes with charming freshness and delicacy of color. trance to his final exit. And so he has been able to tell us the true life-story of the most astonishing interna

W. Lewis Fraser. tional actor in all history. Such a book is needed in all our libraries. The author

Some Results of the Higher Education of Women. has evidently put his material under great pressure of Most readers of The CENTURY are familiar with the condensation. I could have wished to read his more com- work of Toynbee Hall, in the east end of London, where a number of Oxford graduates live for various periods depend largely upon the personal influence that only of time, following their own personal business or study, time and knowledge can give. There are also non-resiyet taking part as neighbors in the life of the people of dent workers, who either help occasionally in special that neglected region. They are probably not as familiar work, or regularly on one or two evenings in the week, with an enterprise of English college women on some- when there are meetings of library club, part-singing what similar lines, whose modest beginnings antedate club, art-needlework club, or sewing, reading, and writour American women's college settlements. In the ing classes, lectures, etc. Most of the young women enspring of 1887 certain members of the Oxford and Cam- tering into the scheme have occupations of their own bridge women's colleges organized the community known aside from their work in the settlement, as the commitas « The Women's University Association for Work in tee think it an advantage for workers to have such octhe Poorer Districts of London.

cupations, partly because a variety of interests helps to The germ out of which grew this organized work of keep the minds fresher, and partly because workers are college women-individual workers having for years more likely to be in sympathy with other workers. filled the positions which the University Association The duties assumed by these social missionaries are recommends to its members—was the conviction of Miss numerous. As managers on the local committees of Grüner, the gifted first head worker of the association, board schools, which correspond to our public schools, and her chief assistant, Miss Elder, that they could do they have an important influence upon educational work, better work if they lived, for a time at least, among the and as associates of the girls' division of the London people they wished to aid. An organization was conse- Pupil-teachers' Association, they take parties of pupilquently effected, and a house was taken at 44 Nelson teachers to the National Gallery on Saturdays, and give Square, Blackfriars Road, Southwark, where the founders evening receptions to the teachers of board schools, felt they could be most useful, while at the same time it for the purpose of introducing a higher element and would be near enough to other parts of London to serve a broader interest into preparatory educational work. the convenience of resident workers and those who might Also, as members of the Education Reform League and wish to help in special evening entertainments. the Recreative Evening Classes Association, they aim

The chief object of the community is the promotion to give a more general use of school buildings and of the welfare of the people of the poorer districts of grounds to the whole population, and to encourage boys London, more especially of the women and children, and and girls who have left the board schools to join eventhe lines along which the association works tend more ing classes in studies in which physical and technical particularly to the giving of better opportunities for elements are prominent. As active members of charity education and recreation. An executive committee is organizations and local sanitary aid committees, and as formed exclusively of university women, and consists of zealous workers for the spread of the coöperative moveseven members: two representatives of Girton College, ment among women, and the undertaking of fresh-air two of Newnham, one of Somerville Hall, one of Lady funds for the benefit of children, they are doing a work Margaret Hall, and the head worker, the resident worker of incalculable value. The latest development of this appointed as mistress of the house and director of all London Settlement's work is an arrangement for several work. The committee has full power to arrange and con- scholarships in social science, open to students of the trol the work of the association, to appoint or remove several women's colleges at Oxford and Cambridge; they the head worker, to admit or dismiss the resident work- entitle the holders to two years' instruction and work at ers, and to administer the funds of the community. The the settlement, and offer valuable preparation to women weekly expenses of the house-about $3.50 for each who wish to fill posts in charity organization societies, person-are divided among the « residents,» and each reformatories, and other philanthropic and governone, if able, is invited to help pay the rent of the house, mental institutions. etc. Each one must make to the head worker a daily re- One of the most pronounced features of social deport of all work done by her, and no one can undertake, velopment in modern society is an increased sensitivewithout permission from the executive committee, work ness on the part of educated men and women to the not already organized. Private almsgiving is not al- claims of their wide outside duties toward humanity; lowed.

and must not the most conservative admit that the The head worker is assisted by four or five residents growth of the movement for the higher education of in the settlement, who remain there for not less than women is reassuring, when the association of graduates two weeks, and in some cases indefinitely, as the good and students of the women's colleges at Oxford and these women hope to do as members of various local Cambridge presents among its first fruits the University committees and in direct work among the people must Settlement in Southwark ?

Catherine Baldwin.

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The breezes whispered to the pines

Perhaps just as they do to-night, And where the Provence rose-bush twines,

Pink as your cheeks, the petals light Soft fluttered down, a rosy snow;

On this crape myrtle scarred and dim I trace the letters dear to him.

DERE 's honey in de roses when dey 're bloomin' roun'

de door, An'dere's honey in de water where it laps along de shore; Dere 's honey in de dewdrop as it glistens on de grass, An' dere 's honey in de glow-worm when at night it flut

ters past; Dere 's honey in de flicker o' de mellow yeller moon, An’dere's honey in its shadders, an' de cryin' o' de coon; Dere 's honey in de chirrup o' de frogs up in de trees, An' dere 's honey in de soo'in' an' de sighin' o' de

breeze; Dere's honey in de sunlight dat is shinin' from on high, An' dere 's honey in de cotton fleece a-floatin' roun' de

sky; Dere 's honey on de hilltops, an' dere 's honey down

below, An' dere 's honey, double honey, where de watermelons

grow; Dere's honey in de clover blossom growin' 'long de road, An' dere 's honey in de burden when love helps to

tote de load: Dere's honey at de finish, an' dere 's honey at de start, An' dere 's honey all de way when dere 's honey in de heart.

George Orne Percy.

The flowers are blooming, starred with dew,

Bright as they did that yester-year; The mocking-bird which sang to you

Trilled the same songs to-night I hear. But youth and maiden-many a day Has waxed and waned and passed away Since, last borne through this narrow gate, They left the garden desolate.

Irene Norman Mckay.

Interpretation.

THOROIGHNESS.

«A stitch in time saves nine;

But I would rather wait, To let the tailor sew more fine

And take the other eight.

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( The entire contents of this Magasine are covered by the general copyright, and articles must not be reprinted without special permission.)

CONTENTS FOR OCTOBER, 1896.

824

854

By his

874

879

Napoleon at St. Helena .

Frontispiece.
Engraved by Charles State, from the painting by L. Kratke.
About French Children

Th. Bentzon..

803 With pictures by Maurice Boutet de Monvel. If Only the Dreams Abide

Clinton Scollard.

823 With decoration by Henry McCarter. A Little Fool. By the author of “Our Tolstoi Club”,

Agnes Blake Poor
With picture by W. L, Metcalf.
The Silent Ones

Julie M. Lippman.

835 An Open-Eyed Conspiracy : An Idyl of Saratoga. Conclusion. William Dean Howells 836

With pictures by Irving R. Wiles.
A Study of Mental Epidemics

Boris Sidis..

849 Prisoners of Conscience. A Story of Shetland in Two Parts. Part II Amelia E. Barr.

With pictures by Louis Loeb. A Presidential candidate of 1852. (John P. Hale). associate on the Free-Soil Ticket

George W. Julian.

870 With portrait. "Oh, Waste no Tears."

Robert Underwood Johnson. . 873
Sonny "Keeping Company." By the author of “Sonny's Diploma.” Ruth McEnery Stuart
The Eclipse of Napoleon's Glory. The Constitutional Empire-

Ligny and Quatre Bras-Waterloo — The Surrender - St. Helena .. William M. Sloane
With pictures and portraits by Sir Thomas Lawrence, Rouillard, Crofts, Shee,
Checa, Chartier, Orchardson, Harry Fenn, Steuben, Eric Pape, J. Ward, Malcolm

Fraser, H. A. Ogden. Map by J. Hart.
William Milligan Sloane. Painted by

Paul Leroy

912 What Became of Dennis Martin ? .

Jacob A. Riis

913 With picture. Summer (" The Century's” American Artists Series)

Frank W. Benson,

917 Glave in the Heart of Africa. Peace and War between Lakes

Bangweolo and Tanganyika. From the journals of the late E. J.
Glave

918 With pictures by the author, Harry Fenn, and from photographs. Map by J. Hart. Sir George Tressady. XII. Conclusion.

Mrs. Humphry Ward.. 934 "Let Fall the Ruin Propped by Europe's Hands”

Richard Watson Gilder..

954 DEPARTMENTS: Topics of the Time..

954 Government by Hysteria - The Workingman's Interest in the Gold Standard Silver's Worst Victims – An American Statesman - Lifting the Lid from Central Africa - A Little "Rift within

the Lute." Open Letters

Sloane's Napoleon (John A. Kasson) - "The Century's" American Artists Series : Frank W. Ben

son (W. Lewis Fraser) – Some Results of the Higher Education of Women (Catherine Baldwin). In Lighter Vein...

960 Arcadie (Arthur Willis Colton) - Honey (George Orne Percy) - To Chloe (Robert Bridges) – In an old Garden (Irene Norman McKay) - Interpretation (H. G. Paine).

958

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Oct. '96.

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