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quently seen to nod and doze. Ney and form a corps under Lobau, intended to repel d'Erlon, left to their own judgment, had the flank attack of the Prussians. Ney was evolved a scheme of formation so complex determined to redeem his repulse by a second that, when tried, as it now was, it proved front attack, and Napoleon, either by word or unworkable. The confusion was veiled by a silence, gave consent. While the batteries terrific, continuous, and destructive artillery kept up their fire, the marshal gathered in the fire. After some delay, and a readjustment center the largest mass of horsemen which involving preparations against the possible had ever charged on a European battle-field, flank attack of the Prussians, d'Erlon's corps 12,000 men, light and heavy cavalry. His aim advanced in four columns, under Donzelot, was to supplement Reille, still engaged at Allix, Marcognet, and Durutte respectively. Hougomont, and dash in upon the allied right Opposed was Picton's decimated corps, with center. Donzelot's column, now reformed, a few Dutch-Belgians, whose valor, never very was hurled directly against La Haye Sainte, bright, had been almost eclipsed by the fact and the mass of the cavalry surged up the that their uniforms, having been mistaken hill. The gunners of Wellington's artillery, for French ones, had drawn upon them the unprotected even by breastworks, stood to fire of their own associates. Durutte, on the their pieces until the attacking line was extreme right, seized Papelotte, but lost it al- within forty yards; then they delivered their most immediately. The conflict then focused final salvo, and fled. Wavering for an instant, about La Haye Sainte, where the garden and the French advanced with a cheer. Before orchard were seized by an overwhelming them stood the enemy in hollow squares, four force. The buildings had been inadequately ranks deep, the front kneeling, the second at fortified, but Major Baring, with his garrison, the charge, the two others ready to fire. The displayed prodigies of valor, and held them. horsemen dared not rush on those bristling The assailants, supported hitherto by bat- lines. In and out among the serried ranks teries firing over their heads, now charged they flowed and foamed, discharging their up the hill; as they reached the crest, their pistols, and slashing with their sabers, until, own guns were silenced, but their yells of de- discouraged by losses, and exhausted by usefiance rent the air. The Dutch-Belgians of less exertion, their efforts grew feeble. Duthe first rank hearkened an instant, and fled bois's brigade, according to tradition, dashed incontinently until, followed by the jeers and in ignorance over the brow of a ravine, men menaces of the British grenadiers and Royal and horses rolling in horrid confusion into Scots, they reached a place of safety, when the unsuspected pit. The abyss, it is believed, they reformed, and stood. Picton was thus was likewise the grave of the fifteen hundred left unsupported, but at that decisive moment men and two thousand horses which were Donzelot tried the new tactics again, and his eventually collected from round about. The ranks fell into momentary confusion. Picton British reserve cavalry, supported by the incharged, the British artillery opened, and, fantry fire, and a few hastily collected batthough the English general fell, mortally teries, completed the defeat of Ney's first wounded, his men hurled back the French. charge. A second was repulsed in the same This first success enabled Wellington to bring way. The undaunted marshal then waited for in his infantry, and to throw in his cavalry reinforcements. No fewer than thirty-seven against a body of French riders, under Rous- squadrons came in, Napoleon sending Kellersel, which, having swept the fields around La mann's heavy dragoons as a last resort. Haye Sainte, was now coming on. His order Guyot's division of the heavy guard cavalry was for Somerset and Ponsonby to charge. was also there-some say summoned by Ney, The shock was terrific, but the French cav- others that they came of their own accord; alry yielded, and the whole of d'Erlon's line the question arises because, in the next stage rolled back in fair order. A few vain efforts of the battle, their absence from their place were made by the rash Englishmen to create was a serious matter. Another time, and still confusion, but they were thwarted. This another, this mighty force moved against the ended the effort upon which Napoleon had foe. Pouring in and out, backward and forbased his hope of success; there was still ward among the squares, they lost cohesion desultory fighting at Hougomont, and the and force until, at the moment of Welling. Prussians, though not visible, were forming ton's extremity, they withdrew, as before, behind the forest of Paris.

exhausted and spent. There was a long and ominous pause before The energy and zeal of the English comthe next renewal of conflict. Wellington used mander were in strange contrast to Napoit to repair his shattered left, Napoleon to leon's growing apathy; but Wellington was

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now at the end of his powers. It was six, and would have been won. Müffling, Wellington's to his repeated messages, calling for Blücher's Prussian aide, dashed away to the Prussian aid, there had been no response. He was face lines, and, as he drew near the head of Zieten's to face with defeat. Baring had held La Haye division, shouted, « The battle is lost if the Sainte with unsurpassed gallantry; his calls corps does not press on and at once support for men had been answered, but his requisi- the English army.) Ney's adjutant, demandtions for ammunition were strangely neg- ing infantry to complete the breach he had lected. Ney, seeing how vain his cavalry made, was received by Napoleon with petucharges were, withdrew before the last one lance. One brigade from Bülow's corps had took place, arrayed Bachelu’s division, col- attacked at about half-past four; repulsed at lected a number of field-pieces, and fell furi- first, their onset was growing fiercer, for two ously, with cannonade and bayonet charge, other brigades had come in. Soult had opupon the farm-house. His success was com- posed Ney's waste of cavalry. He and the plete: the garrison fled, his pursuit was hot, other generals were displaying a wilfulness and, leading in person, he broke through the bordering on insubordination. A portion of opposing line at its very heart. Had he been the guard had just been detached for Lobau's supported by a strong reserve, the battle support. To Ney's demand for infantry the

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Emperor replied, “Where do you expect me whole French right fell into confusion, all to get them from? Am I to make them?» except the guard, who stood in the churchHad the old Bonaparte spirit moved the yard of Plancenoit until surrounded and rechieftain to put himself at the head of what duced in number to about 250 men, when, remained of the guard infantry to support under Pelet's command, they placed their Ney, a temporary victory would have been eagle in their midst, formed a square, drove won; and then, with a remnant flushed with off the cavalry which blocked their path, and victory, he could have turned to Lobau's reached the main line of retreat with scarcely assistance before the main Prussian army enough men to keep their formation. came in. Thus was lost Napoleon's one chance

Before the combined armies of Wellington to deal Wellington a decisive blow.

and Blücher the French could not stand, but, It was to prevent a dangerous flank move- in spite of inferior numbers, and the manifest ment of the enemy--the advance, namely, of signs of defeat, General Bonaparte might have Bülow, with the cavalry corps of Prince Will- conducted an orderly retreat. The case was iam (afterward first emperor of Germany), different with Napoleon, the Emperor, even upon Plancenoit-that Napoleon had de- though he were now a Liberator; to retreat tached the young guard, under Duhesme, a would have been merely a postponement of third of his precious reserve, to support the day of reckoning. Accordingly, the great Lobau's right; Durutte being in the rear of adventurer, facing his destiny on the height his left, that portion was already as strong at Rossome, determined, in a last desperate as it could be made. Nevertheless the Pruss- effort, to retrieve the day, and stake all on ians seized Plancenoit; at once the French a last cast of the dice. For an instant he rallied, and drove them out; Blücher threw appears to have contemplated a change of in eight fresh battalions, and these, with the front, wheeling for that purpose by Hougosix already engaged, dashed for the ravine mont, where his resistance was still strong; leading to the village. The passage was but he finally decided to crush the Anglolined with French, and for a time it was Belgian right, if possible, roll up both armies like the valley of Hinnom; but the Prussians into a confused mass, so that, perchance, they pressed on, and the young guard reeled. Napo- might weaken rather than strengthen each leon sent in two battalions of the old guard, other, and then, with Grouchy's aid, strike under Morand; their firmness restored that of for victory. Indifferent to Ney's demands, he their comrades, and the place was cleared, had set the very elect of his army in array 2000 dead remaining as the victims of that against Bülow; surely they might stand firm furious charge and countercharge. At seven while his blow elsewhere was delivered. But Bülow was back again in his first position, he did not reckon in this with Wellington's awaiting the arrival of Pirch's corps to re- reserve power; though the dramatic stories store his riddled ranks. Napoleon had now left of the Duke's mortal anxiety rest on slight only twelve of the twenty-three battalions of foundation, there is no doubt that he felt a the guard reserve, less than 6000 men. Well- great relief when the Prussians entered the ington had repaired the breach made by Ney, combat, for immediately he turned his attenand, though still hard pressed on his right, tion, not to rest, but to the reforming of his Zieten had made good the strength of his left, line. Officers and men, English or German, some of his cavalry having been detached to knew nothing of Bülow's or Blücher's whererepair other weak spots in the line. At this abouts when Napoleon took his resolution, moment Zieten conceived that Bülow was but, sensible of having been strengthened, further giving way, and hesitated in his ad- they displayed at half-past seven that evenvance. The brief interval was marked by ing the same grim determination they had Durutte, and, with a last desperate effort, he shown at eleven in the morning. Though carried Papelotte, La Haye, and Smohain, Wellington's task of standing firm until Blühoping to prevent the fatal juncture. It was cher's arrival was accomplished, and though, half an hour before Zieten retrieved his loss. perhaps, his soldiers heard the distant firing By that time Pirch had come up, and, with of the Prussian guns, yet nothing could be this reinforcement, Bülow, behind the heavy seen across the long interval, the noise atfire of his powerful batteries, charged Lobau, tracted little attention, and neither he nor and advanced on the guard at Plancenoit. they could know what was yet before them. Lobau, the hero of Aspern, stood like a rock It was, therefore, splendid courage in general until Durutte's men, and the remnants of and army which kept them ever ready for any d'Erlon's corps, flying past his flank, induced exertion, however desperate. Against this a panic in his own ranks. Thereupon the army, in this temper, Napoleon despatched

VOL. LII.-113.

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