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After this « call » sleep was impossible to man ceased speaking, he looked tenderly at David. He was too happy. That insight which him, and sent him away with his blessing. changes faith into knowledge had comforted And afterward he said to the elders, « There him concerning his dead. He lay down on is nothing to call a session anent. David Vala's couch, and he felt sure that Nanna's Borson has been to the school of Christ, and smile filled the silence like a spell. He was he is learned in the Scriptures. We will not so still that he could hear the beating of his silence him, lest haply we be found to be own heart, but clear and vivid as light his fighting against God.>> duty spread out before him. He had found

Thus for many a year David went in and his vocation, and oh, how rapidly men grow out among his mates and friends, living the under the rays of that invisible sun! gospel in their sight. The memory of Nanna

But it was a vocation that came as the filled his heart; he loved no other woman, but kingdom of God very frequently comes – every desolate and sorrowful woman found

without observation. To preach a sermon! in him a friend and a helper. And he drew That was a thing far outside David's possi- the little children like a magnet. He was the bilities. The power of the church, and its elder brother of every boy and girl who close and exclusive privileges, were at that claimed his love; his hands were ever ready to day in Shetland papal in prerogative. David help them, his heart was ever ready to love never dreamed of encroaching on them, nor, them, and in such blessed service he grew indeed, would public opinion have permitted nobly aged. He had come to Shetland when him.

the islands were afar off, when the Norse As it was, there grew gradually a feeling element ruled them, and the Christianized of unrest about David. Though he was hum- men and women of the sagas dwelt alone in ble and devout in all kirk exercises, it was the strong, quaint stone houses they had known that the people gathered round him built. He lived to see the influx of the at Barbara Traill's and in his own cottage, Southern race and influences, the advent of and that he spoke to them of the everlasting modern travel and civilization; but he never gospel as never man had spoken before to altered his life, for in its simple, pious digthem. It was known that when the boats lay nity it befitted any era. stilly rocking on the water waiting for the It is noticeable that good men very often « take,» David, sitting among his mates, rea- have their desire in the manner of their soned with them on the love of God until death, and God so favored his servant David every face of clay flushed with a radiance Borson. He went out alone one day in his quite different from mere color--a radiance boat, and a sudden storm came from the that was a direct spiritual emanation, a shin- northeast. He did not return. Some said ing of the soul through mere matter. And there had been no time to take in the boat's as these men were all in a measure theolo- sail, and that she must have gone down with gians, with their « creed » and «evidences » at her canvas blowing. Others thought she had their tongue's end, it was a wonderful joy to become unmanageable, and drifted into some watch their doubts, like the needle verging to of the dangerous «races » near the coast. the pole, tremble and tremble into certainty. But, this manner or that manner, David

In about three years such opposition as went to heaven, as he desired, « by the way David roused was strong enough to induce of the sea,) and God found his body a restthe kirk to consider his behavior. The min- ing-place among its cool, clean graves-a ister sent for him, and in the privacy of his sepulcher that no man knoweth of, nor shall study David spoke so eloquently and mightily know, until the mighty angel sets his right of the mercy of the Infinite One that the min- foot upon the sea, and swears that there shall ister covered his face; and when the young «be time no longer.»

Amelia E. Barr.





KHE leaders of the Free-soil revolt nomen. He believed religiously in the people, Tof 1848 were eminently practical and his devotion to their interests was a pas

and clear-sighted men. Their sole sion which never cooled. When he took his reliance was upon constitutional seat in the House of Representatives, Adams

methods and absolute devotion to and Giddings were in the thick of their fight the Union. While they wisely disclaimed any for the right of petition and the freedom of right to intermeddle with slavery as the debate, and they had already sounded the creature of local law, their position was cry of danger respecting the annexation of equally impregnable in asserting the right Texas. Charles G. Atherton, a representative and duty of Congress to forbid its introduc- from Mr. Hale's own State, had fathered the tion into our national Territories. This prin- «gag » resolution, which became known as ciple had been settled by the action of the the twenty-first rule of the House. Mr. Hale, Government from the beginning, and upon it with his fertile brain and clear moral vision, the whole controversy between the free and must have taken note of the trend of public the slave States was focalized. When it was affairs, and duly considered the question of finally decided against the slaveholders, they duty. He avowed his hostility to the « gag » entered upon the work of secession, and upon rule, and to the scheme of Texas annexation, no other issue could the people of the North- and his votes were so recorded. His position ern States have been so effectively rallied in on the Texas question gave no offense to his the war for the Union, while the Union itself Democratic constituents, for in the beginwould in all probability have perished if a ning New Hampshire, in common with all the more sweeping and aggressive antislavery Northern States, was opposed to the measure. policy had been demanded in the beginning Accordingly, in anticipation of the expiration of the struggle.

of his term, he was renominated for Congress. Among the statesmen and reformers of his But in 1844 the Democrats in the Northern time, history will accord to John P. Hale a States changed front. Van Buren was thrown high rank. He was graduated with honors overboard because of his opposition to anat Bowdoin College, and after a course of nexation. The legislature of New Hampshire thorough preparation was admitted to the having passed resolutions instructing her bar, and entered upon a successful practice. senators and representatives to vote for it, To the present generation, which knows him Mr. Hale addressed a public letter to his cononly as a famous antislavery leader, and as stituents opposing it on antislavery grounds. the Free-soil candidate in 1852, it may appear This kindled the wrath of the Democratic surprising that he began his political career leaders of his State, and a convention of the as a Democrat, and that at the age of twenty- party, called together for the purpose in eight he was appointed district attorney for February, 1845, rescinded his nomination and New Hampshire by President Jackson. Jack- struck his name from the ticket. He continsonian Democracy was certainly not a very ued in the field as an independent candidate, fructifying soil for the growth of abolition- but was defeated. His friends now rallied ism, nor was New Hampshire. Of all the around him, and asked him to take the field States of the North, she was the most crouch- and canvass the State as their leader. This ingly subservient to the demands of slavery. was asking him to face political death, for to She had not, however, then reached the bad all human appearances Democratic asceneminence which she afterward attained, and dancy in New Hampshire was impregnably in 1843 Mr. Hale was chosen as the represen- established. But he yielded to the importutative of his district in Congress. He was a nities of his friends, and became the knightreal Democrat. In his mind the word stood errant of a holy cause. His whole heart was for a principle, and not for a mere party cog- given to the work, and he addressed the


people in every nook and corner of the State bullied into silence. When he was denied a where an audience, large or small, would lis- place on senatorial committees on the pretext ten to him. His figure was commanding, and that he «did not belong to a healthy political his features were marked by manly beauty. organization,” he ridiculed the proceeding, His face beamed with benignity and good- and made it tell in his favor. One of the will. His voice was full, clear, and musical. finest exhibitions of his courage was given He had readiness, self-possession, tact, quick- soon after he took his seat in the Senate, ness of perception, and a keen sense of the when he cast the only vote against a resoluludicrous. His speeches abounded in wit, hu- tion thanking Generals Scott and Taylor for mor, and repartee, but he never indulged in their victories in Mexico. This vote was sure personalities. Self-righteousness and ma- to be misunderstood and misrepresented, and lignity were utterly hateful to him, and his all parties regarded it as suicidal; but it was utterances were characterized by a simplicity sufficient for him to know that no other honand naturalness which won the hearts of old est and consistent course was possible for and young. His sincerity and moral earnest- those who had condemned the Mexican war ness found expression in impassioned appeals in all its stages. He would not belie his conto the hearts and consciences of his hearers, victions to avoid any personal consequences who became the delighted captives of his of his act; and when he pleaded the high power. In referring to him, Theodore Parker authority of Chatham, Burke, and Fox, who spoke of «the masterly eloquence which refused to vote thanks to the commanders of broke out from his great human heart, and the British army for their services in Amerrolled like the Mississippi in its width, its ica in our revolutionary struggle,-a strictly depth, its beauty, and its continuous and un- analogous case, - no senator successfully anconquerable strength.) But the grand secret swered him. of his power as an orator was singleness of Mr. Hale's humanity was equal to his courpurpose. In this memorable campaign Mr. age. While a member of the House, he Hale illustrated the saying, « If thine eye be moved an amendment to the naval approprisingle, thy whole body shall be full of light.ation bill, abolishing the spirit ration and He carried the people of New Hampshire prohibiting flogging in the navy. The amendtriumphantly with him, and his canvass was ment prevailed, but failed in the Senate. This known then, and has been ever since remem- motion was renewed in the Senate in 1849, bered, as the « Hale storm » of 1845. Its re- and in 1850, after an impassioned appeal by sult was the overthrow and humiliation of Mr. Hale, flogging was abolished; but the the pro-slavery Democracy of the State, and spirit ration continued till 1862. He was the election of Mr. Hale to the United States justly proud of these achievements, and they Senate two years afterward.

are appropriately commemorated on the pedWhen Hale took his seat in the Senate, he estal of the statue recently erected in the was the only member of that body who defied State-house yard at Concord. the discipline of both the old parties, and As an antislavery leader, Hale followed dared assert his absolute political indepen- his own methods of warfare. While Seward, dence. He stood alone until 1849, when he Sumner, and Chase were forging their antiwas joined by Chase and Seward, who were slavery thunderbolts, and firing them at the reinforced in 1851 by Sumner. There was enemy at long range through the press of something dramatic in his solitary appear- the Northern States, Mr. Hale was using his ance in the Senate as an avowed antislavery lighter artillery on the skirmish-line, and in man. That body then contained more able well-executed Hank movements. In 1850 he and eminent men than it had had for more was prompted by the presence of a pro-slavthan a generation, and it was completely ery mob in Washington to introduce a resounder the domination of the slave interest. lution providing for the reimbursement of That interest dictated the policy of the Gov- persons whose property should be destroyed ernment at home and abroad, as it had done by riotous assemblages. Foote of Mississippi from its beginning, and made and unmade denounced this resolution as intended to propoliticians. Hale knew that his single-handed tect «negro-stealing.) Addressing Mr. Hale, warfare against it would invite ridicule, he said: «I invite him to visit the good State sneers, insults, and threats. He knew that of Mississippi, in which I have the honor to he must face the scorn and contempt of the reside, and will tell him beforehand in all South and the chilling neglect of the North. honesty that he could not go ten miles into But he bravely stood in the breach. He took the interior before he would grace one of the no counsel of his fears, and would not be tallest trees of the forest with a rope around

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his neck, with the approbation of every virtu- to the brief speeches and occasional sharpous and patriotic citizen; and that, if neces- shooting into which he was drawn by the cursary, I should myself assist in the operation.) rent debates. In 1850 he made an able and Mr. Hale answered: « The senator invites me carefully prepared speech, which occupied to visit the State of Mississippi, and kindly two days, in reply to Mr. Webster's famous informs me that he would be one of those who speech of the 7th of March. Among other would act the assassin and put an end to my things, he said: «The senator says he would career. . . . Well, in return for his hospita- not reënact the laws of God. Well, sir, I ble invitation, I can only express the desire would. When he tells me that the law of that he should penetrate into one of the dark God is against slavery, it is a most potent corners of New Hampshire; and if he do, I argument for our incorporating it with any am much mistaken if he would not find the Territorial bill.» His most telling speeches, people in that benighted region would be however, were brief, and seemed to be inspired very happy to listen to his arguments and en- by the immediate occasion which called them gage in an intellectual conflict with him, in forth. In his defense of the rescuers of the which the truth might be elicited. The popu- slave Shadrach, he said: lar instinct at once labeled the Mississippi « John Debree claims that he owns Shadsenator as « Hangman Foote, and the epithet rach. Owns what? Owns a man! Suppose, is still instantly recalled by the mention of his gentlemen, John Debree should claim an exname.

clusive right to the sunshine, the moon, or Mr. Hale, however, did not confine himself the stars! Would you sanction the claim by

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