Puslapio vaizdai




I have used Valentine's Meat-Juice with most gratifying results in several cases A CASE OF POST-PARTUM HEMMORRHAGE-Lady aged 35; lost an enormous quantity of blood; hemmorrhage was checked, but patient sank rapidly from exhaustion; stimulants only gave temporary relief, on account of inability to replace lost blood. Gave a mixture of Meat-Juice and water, 1 to 12, two tea-spoonfuls every ten minutes. Patient revived, pulse reappeared, respiration less sighing and more regular; and by continuing the treatment until two bottles had been taken, she was restored, and is to-day a hearty, healthy woman.

He also gives a case of cholera-infantam, and adds:

In both cases the peculiar merit of the Meat-Juice lay in its being able to supply a circulating medium as near in character to the blood as can be well obtained. In the case of other preparations, more or less of digestion is necessary before assimilation can take place; this is not so with Valentine's Meat-Juice, it is ready for osmosis whether in the stomach, upper or lower bowel. It is an excellent thing to give by rectal enema, with or without brandy.

The Meat-Juice contains much nourishment, is readily absorbed, is very palatable and is not greasy. I use it daily in hospital and private practice, and feel that I cannot recommend it too highly.

[merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[blocks in formation]

HE 21st of June has brought around once more the summer


solstice, and with it the annual worship of the earth. In accordance with the statutes of the empire the emperor went this morning in person, attended by princes and magistrates of the highest grade, and with a large retinue of soldiers and servants, to offer sacrifices and worship on the Altar to Earth.

This worship of earth at the summer solstice, and of heaven at the winter solstice, has been handed down from the earliest periods of Chinese history. If in any respect it differs from the worship of the earliest emperors of China the difference is in matters of detail and outward form, not in the inner significance of the worship. The literati of China would with one voice affirm that the state worship at the present day of Heaven, Earth, the Sun, the Moon, the Stars, Wind, Rain, Clouds, Thunder, Mountains, Rivers and Seas, differs in no essential respect from the worship of the earliest Emperors Yao and Shun.

The Altar to Earth is on the north side of the Manchu city, within half a mile from the city wall, while the Altar to Heaven is on the south side of the same city, at a distance somewhat greater from the wall. Why is the Altar to Earth on the north side of the city? Because the earth belongs to the dark, or Yin principle, while the Altar to Heaven is on the south side of the city, because the south belongs to the light, or Yang principle, this dual principle pervading Chinese philosophy, religion and literature. It is "Father Heaven, Mother Earth," the dual deity worshipped at weddings by every married couple.

The outer wall of the enclosure of the Altar to Earth is not far from two miles in circumference, and the altar itself, with the buildings near it, are all of proportional magnificence. They are second only to the Altar to Heaven and the corresponding buildings, as the place which the worship of earth has in the Imperial cult, and in the statutes of the empire, is second only to that of the worship of heaven.

The altar is square, while the Altar to Heaven is round, since 'the earth is square and the heaven round.' The altar is made of dark colored marble, since the earth belongs to the Yin, or dark principle, while the Altar to Heaven on the contrary is of white marble, since heaven belongs to the Yang, or light principle.

The tablet to be worshipped is brought out on the appointed day and placed on the south side of the Altar to Earth, facing the north, or Yin principle, while the emperor ascends the altar from the north and prostrates himself toward the south before the tablet. The reverse of all this is true of the worship at the Altar to Heaven. There the tablet stands on the north, while the emperor ascends the altar from the south and prostrates himself toward the north, the tablet facing the south, or Yang quarter of the world.

In worshipping earth the emperor is clad in robes of yellow, as befits the color of the earth (at least in North China) for the greater part of the year. When he worships heaven he is clad in robes of azure, as befits the color of heaven.

The tablet before which the emperor worships bears the inscription, "The August Earth Spirit," "Hwong Ti Chi," or "The Spirit, August Earth." So in worshipping at the Altar to Heaven the tablet reads, " August Heaven, the Ruler Above," Hwang Tien Shang Ti.

By the side of this tablet to earth are arranged, as associated or equal tablets, the tablets to all the preceding emperors of this dynasty, and lower down, in a secondary position, tablets to the Five Great Mountains, the Three Lesser Mountains, the Two Lofty Hills, the Four Seas and Four Great Rivers, that is, to prominent parts of the earth.

With heaven are worshipped the same associated or equal tablets, as those mentioned above, to emperors of the present dynasty. But the secondary tablets in the worship of heaven are those to the Sun, the Moon, the Constellation Great Bear, the Five Planets, the Twenty-Eight Constellations, all the Stars of Heaven, the Clouds, the Rain, the Wind, the Thunder, that is, parts and powers of heaven.

The offerings set forth to earth are the same as those set forth to heaven, consisting of the libation of wine, the young heifer, the jade and silk and the various viands. The offerings also to the

associated tablets and to the secondary tablets correspond to those on the altar to heaven.

In worshipping earth as in worshipping heaven the emperor goes out of the palace in the night time, in great state, as above described. He enters the hall of abstinence and prepares for the ceremony. At the earliest dawn of day he ascends the magnificent altar of dark colored marble, and there without any image, under the open sky, before the tablet to august earth, he performs his "three kneelings and nine prostrations," bringing his head quite down to the pavement at each prostration, offers his prayer and his sacrifices, all with the greatest care according to the prescribed ritual.

The grey dawn, the silence of the multitude in attendance, the swell of music, the absence of any image, all conspire to make the scene very impressive.

Confucius says, "By the ceremonies of the sacrifices to heaven and earth they served Shang-ti." Is this dual worship of heaven and earth to be identified with the worship of the true God, as taught in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments? This is the question which vexed the Roman Church, and now presses upon the Protestant missionaries of the present day.

It is very noticeable that visitors to the city of Peking and some writers on the temples and altars of this city give a very prominent place to the Altar to Heaven, and say very little in regard to the Altar to Earth; little also in regard to the Altar to the Sun on the east side of the city and to the Altar to the Moon on the west, and to the other altars. It would seem that they regard the Altar to Heaven as somewhat by itself, standing out from the other worship in this city, solitary and alone, a tradition of prehistoric monotheism handed down to the present day.

It has even been the case that pious and well educated Christians from Western lands have taken off their shoes from their feet in ascending this altar, and sung the doxology, standing upon its marble pavement, recognizing there the worship of the true God as having been handed down for four thousand years.

Is this the real state of the case? Men will not long be satisfied with partial and one-sided representations. They will wish to know the whole truth. If the worship of earth is as much a part of the national cult as the worship of heaven men will wish to know it. If the joint worship of heaven and earth stands at the head of all worship and sacrifices in the national ritual, if they are worshipped with equal honors, and according to the dual principle of Chinese philosophy, and if this is the true and lawful interpretation of the worship of Shang-ti, as it stands in the minds of the learned men of

China, the scholars of the nation, then the real state of the case should be known to all. If this worship is part of one whole, including the worship of the sun, the moon, the stars, all the parts and powers of heaven, all the parts and powers of earth, the worship of deceased emperors, sages and heroes, and of all the gods known to the Chinese state religion, scholars will wish to know the whole truth in regard to it, and in view of the facts of the case they will judge whether the Shang-ti of China is to be identified with Jehovah, the true God, as the knowledge of Him is taught in the Sacred Scriptures, or is not.

The Status of Japan among the Nations, and her
Position in regard to Korea.


LTHOUGH for many years past Japan has been demanding a place among the civilized and enlightened nations of the

earth, it has been denied to her by Christian countries, and consequently instead of the friendly and confiding spirit of former years there has arisen a feeling of bitterness and mistrust in the minds of many Japanese, which seemed likely to continue, and perhaps increase.

But a treaty has recently been made with England which grants to Japan what has been desired; and it is quite certain that other nations will soon follow in the same line.

And now to the surprise of many, and the gratification of every friend of Japan, she is proving to the world that her demand for a higher place than hitherto accorded her is not unreasonable but fitting and just; and that the progress made is not to be measured by her material improvements alone, or the recently demonstrated strength and efficiency of her army and navy, as manifest in the struggle now going on with China.

To show how the Japan of to-day has changed from that of the past we need but refer to the fact that 300 years ago the armies of Japan swept over Korea in a war that was instituted without just cause and prosecuted without mercy. The spirit of carnage and plunder was unrestrained and besides a heritage of poverty and suffering to those who were left, the ears of 3600 victims, slaughtered in a single battle, were brought back and exhibited as trophies of the cruel and bloody conflict.

« AnkstesnisTęsti »