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Diary of Events in the Far East.
25th.-Sinking of the s. s. Kowshing, while conveying 1100 Chinese troops to Korea, by the Japan se man-of-war Naniwa. From the report of Captain Galsworthy, of the Kowshing, it appears that the Naniwa fired two blank cartridges and ordered the Kowshing to stop. An officer from the Japanese man-of-war went on board, and finding from the ship's papers that the Kowshing was a British ship, left on the understanding that the transport would follow the Naniwa. The Chinese genials refused to allow the foreigners to submit, giving orders to the troops on deck to kill them if an itemp was made to leave the ship or otherwise obey the Chinese. After much parleying and a final order to the foreigners to leave the ship (but which was frustrated by the Chinese) the Naniwa discharged torpedo at the Kowshing. As it missed, a broadside of five guns was fired. The Kowshing eventually sunk; several of the foreigners succeeded in jumping overboard and were saved, in spite of being fired upon by the Chinese soldiers. About two hundred of the 1100 on board are supposed to have been saved.
1. A telegram from Kobe says:"War is declared by Japan against China. Official notice was given the Foreign Ministers to-day. The Chinese Minister will leave Japan on Friday; his family left here yesterday by the Empress of China for Shanghai."
8.-Telegraphic information received that a French traveller named Dutreil has been thrown into a river by the Tibetan tribesmen and drowned.
The Chinese government has expressed its regrets, and has offered to recompense the family of the murdered explorer.
13th.-Rumoured retirement of the Chinese from Yashan after several days' heavy fighting. With the many conflict. ing rumours of victories and defeats, and paucity of definite information,
it is impossible to give satisfactory particulars.
16th.-Death of Rev. James A. Wylie, of the Scotch Presbyterian Mission, Liao-yang, near Manchuria, the result of brutal injuries received from soldiers on the 10th. See articulars in "Mission1 ary News."
A correspondent of the Y.-C. Daily News gives the following particulars, which tend to prove the blamelessness of the local officials:-"On the 11th instant, the day after the terrible outrage on Mr. Wylie, Hsü ta-lao-yeh, the chief magistrate of Liao-yang, came early to call upon the missionaries to investigate the case. After making full enquiries he at once proceeded to the inn, where Yi lao-yeh, the commander of the company, was staying, to demand the offend
He had an interview, but not only did Yi refuse to part with them, he even let his houds loose on the office of the law. A scuffle ensued between Hsü's body-guard and the Manchus, in which the former, who were greatly outnumbered, were worsted. Hsü fled for his men by a back way; the chairbearers, say the gossins, going so fast t at the horsemen had no chance with them. In the mêlée several of Hsü's men were injured; his pa-tung severely. It was a time of intense excitement, for the city was now practically in the Manchus' han ls, and the merchants, fe ring ageneral looting, many of them their put up shutters. The local resources had been drained to the utmost in consequence of the war, and I believe that at the present moment there are only 50 soldiers left behind to guard the peace of the place. What could they do against 250 wild knaves from Kirin ? It was a time of suspense for the missionaries, and excite members came running, urging us to make our escape while we could. But a merciful God interposed. Yi evidently thought by this time that his men had gone far enough, and by noon the good news came that he had drawn off some 15 li."
-We hear that Miss Larssen and Miss Pasmussen, of the Scandinavian Mission, who were turned back by the police during their recent journey in Sikkim, and ordered to leave that country, have now, after some correspondence with the government of Bengal, received passports, which will enable them to resume their interrupted tour. They will return to the Lachin Valley, to carry on medical missionary work among the Tibetan settlers there.
22nd. Sad drowning at Arina, near Kobe, of little Marian Abbey, the threeyear old daughter of Mrs. Abbey, of the American Presbyterian Mission, Nanking. The mother and child went out early to have a pi nic breakfast together in one of the stream beds a short way out of the village. During or after the meal a terrific downpour of rain deluged the hills, and in a few moments tl.e previously nearly dry bed became a
swift torrent, and for shelter the mother carried her little girl under a bridge, whence there was a deep fall of 10 to 12 feet. In stepping along under this bridge she lost her foothold and fell down, the child falling from her arms, being carried over the fall in the torrent, and soon lost to sight. It is thought probable that the first fall was sufficient to kill the poor little thing instantaneously. The mother hastened back with the sad ews, and the boly was subsequently fou id some 20 yards or so from the spot.
29th. A London telegram gives the following particulars regarding the disaster to the Dutch at Lombok: "The troops of the rebellious Rajah of Lombok have treacherously attacked the Dutch troops, and General van Ham, fourteen officers and one hundred and fifty men have been killed. The Resident is safe."
AT Shih-tao, Shantung, on July 20th, 1894, the wife of C. F. HOGG, of a daughter.
AT Shanghai, on August 9th, 1894, the wife of the Rev. E. L. MATTOX, of the American Presbyterian Mission, Hangchow, of a daughter, Annie Lu
AT Nankin, on Sunday last, the 26th Aug., the wife of the Rev. T. W. HOUSTON, of the American Presbyterian Mission, of a son.
AT Shanghai, on Monday, the 27th August, 1894, the wife of Dr. H. M. WOODS, of the Southern Presbyterian Mission, Ts'ing-kiang-pu, of a daugh
ON the 27th of June, 1894, at Christ Church, Savannah, Georgia, the Rev. FREDERICK WOLCOTT JACKSON, of the American Presbyterian Mission, Chefoo, to Miss LOUISE GINDRAT ARNOLD.
ON the 24th July, at Tsun-hwa, the Rev. LACLEDE BARROW, of the Methodist Episcopal Mission.
ON the 29th July, at Tsih-k'i-hsien, Ngan-huei, Miss C. J. H. SCOTT, of the China Inland Mission.
ON the 2nd August, at Old North Gate, Shanghai, the wife of the Rev. R. A. HADEN, of the American (South) Presbyterian Mission. Aged 28 years.
ON the 14th August, at Nankin, the Rev. JOHN WALLEY, of the Methodist Episcopal Mission.
ON the 16th August, at Liao-yang, Manchuria, the Rev. JAMES A. WYLIE, M.A., of the Scotch United Presbyterian Mission. The result of a dastardly outrage by Manchurian soldiers on the 10th Augus.
ON the 23rd August, at Arima, near Kobe, May ISABELLA, the daughter of the Rev. Dr. J. Frazer Smith, of the Canadian Presbyterian Mission, Honan. Aged 2 years.
ON the 19th August, the Rev. JOHN BROCK, of the China Inland Mission (returned), from England við U. S. A.
By Rev. R. E. McAlpine. 488
The Old Story in New Regions
ENDORSED BY THE MEDICAL PROFESSION OF UNITED STATES, GREAT BRITAIN AND GERMANY AND EMPLOYED BY THE INSANE, INEBRIATE AND GOVT. IlOSPITALS AND THE ARMY AND NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES.
SOOCHOW HOSPITAL, SOOCHOW, CHINA, February 25th, 1985.
I have used Valentine's Meat-Juice with most gratifying results in several cases A CASE OF POST-PARTUM HEMMORRHAGE-Lady aged 35; lost an enormous quantity of blood; hemmorrhage was checked, but patient sank rapidly from exhaustion; stimulants only gave temporary relief, on account of inability to replace lost blood. Gave a mixture of Meat-Juice and water, 1 to 12, two tea-spoonfuls every ten minutes. Patient revived, pulse reappeared, respiration less sighing and more regular; and by continuing the treatment until two bottles had been taken, she was restored, and is to-day a hearty, healthy woman,
He also gives a case of cholera-infantam, and adds:
In both cases the peculiar merit of the Meat-Juice lay in its being able to supply, a circulating medium as near in character to the blood as can be well obtained. In the case of other preparations, more or less of digestion is necessary before assimilation can take place; this is not so with Valentine's Meat-Juice, it is ready for osmosie whether in the stomach, upper or lower bowel. It is an excellent thing to give by rectal enema, with or without brandy.
The Meat-Juice contains much nourishment, is readily absorbed, is very palatable and is not greasy. I use it daily in hospital and private practice, and feel that. I cannot recommend it too highly.
WALTER R. LAMBUTH, Surgeon-in-Charge, Soochow Hospital
It was used by the late lamented Presi dent Garfield, during his long illness and he derived great benefit from its use. ROBERT REYBURN, M.D.
"For excellence of the method of its preparation, whereby it more nearly represents fresh meat than any other extrace of meat, its freedom from disagreeable taste, its fitness for immediate absorption, and the perfection in which it retains its good qualities in warm olimates."
O the question "What is Filial Piety?" Confucius replied: "If for three years you make no change in your father's way you may be considered filial." This definition is a satire on the spirit of the time,-"if you can refrain from changing the institutions of your father until the period of mourning is ended you are better than your neighbours." Confucius lived in an age when old traditions were being abandoned, when the bonds of social order were relaxed, and he felt that he could save society in no other way than by imposing a check on the spirit of change. In Filial Piety he found the needed prophylactic. That he should have hit on that expedient is somewhat remarkable, as he never knew the care of a father, and when grown to manhood was unacquainted with the place of his father's burial.
His mother, however, must have cherished in him the tender sentiment, and to her and to the anarchy of the times was due the choice of the principle which he laid at the root of his political and moral system. In Buddhism there is no place for Filial Piety, but the dread of change is a sentiment common to both systems. To the Buddhist change is hell, and exemption from it heaven. To the Confucianist change is vice, and conservatism the first of virtues. Confucius was a reformer but not an innovator. Nothing can exceed the symmetry of the system which he builds on this cardinal virtue. Extending from parents to remoter ancestors it
Reprints from Journal of China Branch of Royal Asiatic Society, selected by 十三年無骘於父之道可謂孝