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him the loss of most of his personal ferry-boat instead of engaging a goods.

separate boat for himself, he shewDuring his residence in Chung- ed that love which constrained him king he devoted his energies to the to come out to the Chinese. This study of the language, and made, naturally endeared him to the according to all accounts, very ra- people about us." pid progress, but he also threw There are many at Chung-king himself, heart and soul, into the who feel that by his death, followarduous labours of a true evangel- ing so sadly upon his marriage, ist among people of a strange they have been deprived of a tongue. In all such mission work loviny, Christ-like, devoted fellow he was in his element.

labourer, one whose life seemed full One who knew him well writes : of hope and of rich promise. We "One great thing I always rejoiced are sure, however, that for him it is to see in him was that he wished indeed true that “he being dead to get among the people and shew yet speaketh." his oneness with them. Whether

I am, Yours faithfully, going to the bedside of patients in the ward, or crossing the river by


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John's Gospel in the Ningpo dialect. the case. We have a new translation
Rev, H, Jenkins.

before us, and we regret to say Colloquial versions of Holy Scrip- that we consider that the old is ture undoubtedly have their uses. better. Whilst the translation has Nowhere has this fact been more not succeeded in giving a truer fully recognised than at Ningpo, representation of the sense of the where for many years two collo- sacred text than his predecessors quial versions of the New Testa- have done, his version is marred by ment and sundry portions of the what appears to be a close ad. Old Testament, in the Roman herence to the idiom of the Engcharacter, have been largely used, lish Bible, the result of which is both by the missionaries and by to render the translation unpleathe native Christians. Hitherto, sant to the Chinese ear, and we however, though the advisability fear in many places unintelligible. of the step has been not infre- It may well be considered doubtful quently discussed, no portions of whether in a district where the the Bible in the local dialect have idiom is so near to that of the man. been published in Chinese charac- darin dialect it is desirable to ter. Mr. Jenkins has now taken print a local version in the characthe matter in hand and has pub- ter, but if it be desirable it would lished an edition of St. John's certainly seem to be expedient to Gospel in this form. On taking up take one of the existing local the book we expected to find that versions for the purpose rather he had transferred one of the than add to the perplexity of the existing versions from the Roman native Christians by giving them into the Chinese character but on yet another independent transla. examination this proved not to be




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Hanlin Papers. Second Series. Pp. 427. le !). By Rev. Samuel B. Drake,

By W. A. P. Martin, D.D., LL.D., English Baptist Mission, Shantung.
Peking. For sale at the Mission Press.
Price $1.00 to missionaries.

The leading idea of this book is Dr. Martin is so well known for to set forth the conditions in which his ability and thoroughness that our Lord carried on His ministry we need only mention the name of by giving a summary of “the orithe book and its contents to ensure gin and growth of institutions, its purchase by a large number of laws, parties customs, etc, readers. Its contents are :

tioned in the four Gospels.” I. Chinese History, a study.

6. The information contained in II. History of China viewed from each chapter is given in connection the Great Wall.

with some particular incident in III. Tartar Tribes in Ancient the life of Jesus, and the passage China,

or passages of Scripture, in which IV. A Hero of the Three King- the incident is recorded, is mendoms.

tioned underneath the heading of V. International Law in Ancient each chapter. China.

By adopting this plan the book VI. Diplomacy in Ancient China. serves the purpose of a Bible dic

VII. Notes on the Confucian tionary as regards the subjects Apocrypha

treated as well as a commentary VIII. Plato and Confucius, a on the selected passages of Scripcoincidence.

ture." IX. The Cartesian Philosophy before Descartes. X. Chinese Ideas on the Inspira

1. The Temple, what it was to tion of their Sacred Books.

the Jews. 2. The High Priesthood. XI. Stages of Religious Thought

3. Teaching of Jesus and the Jews

on the Kingdom of Heaven. 1. in China. XII. Buddhism a preparation

a preparation Entering the Kingdom of Heaven. 5. for Christianity.

Feast of Passover; Jesus cleanses

the Temple. 6. Differences beXIII. Native Tract Literature

tween Jews and Samaritans. 7. of China. XIV. The Worship of Ancestors.

Jesus heals Nobleman's Son; Signs

from Heaven. 8. Synagogues. 9. XV. The Emperor at the Altar of Heaven.

The Acceptable Year of the Lord.

10. Christ contrasted with the XVI. A Pilgrimage to the Tomb of Confucius.

Seribes. 11. Casting out Devils ;

Jesus and Jews contrasted. 12. XVII. The Lusiad or Opening of the East.

Healing Lepers, Law of Leprosy.

13. The Sect of the Pharisees. 14. XVIII. Tbree Famous Inscriptions.

Rules of Membership. 15. Phari

saical Washings. 16. Pharisees, The subjects discussed are the

17. result of careful research into the

their treatment of Publicans. vast store-houses of Chinese litera

Pharisees and Fasting. 18. Phariture. On most of the subjects dis

sees and Prayers. 19, 20 and 21. cussed we have no higher authority Moses, Pharisees and Jesus on the

Sabbath. 22. Herodians. 23. Sect living. Students will therefore find the book of very great service. Be

of the Sadducees. 24 Sadducees

and the Resurrection. The Lesides, as the chapters were the result of leisure studies extending

virate Law. 25. Sadducees and

Pharisees demand signs from Hea. over many years they will be of

26. The Sanhedrin. 27. The greater value than anything hastily

four Judges of Jesus. 28. The written to complete a volume.


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Trial and Condemnation of Jesus, "ends of the earth," it may well questions raised and different ac- constitute a pattern and a stimulus. counts harmonized."

Dr. Eitel's report should be This book contains in small com- studied in its entirety if the full pass much valuable material for advantage of its facts and figures is assisting native pastors, evangel- to be grasped. Though dealing ists and the

intelligent largely--one may say chiefly-with Christians to better understand the statistics it is none the less interGospel history and especially the esting and all the more valuable ; growing and ceaseless antogonism since in any school system figures to Christ and His work.

which“ do not lie” form the best Every book that aids in a clearer exponents of results. understanding of the religious be- We cannot enter into all the lief and practice of the Jews at the details of this exhaustive docutime Christ lived on earth is a ment. Let a brief synopsis of the valuable contribution to the litera- contents suffice. ture of China. The

who The schools under the Education understands his Bible thoroughly Department of Hongkong are of and yields his heart and life to its two kinds-Government schools and teachings is the highest style of Grant-in-Aid schools. Besides these

there are Kai-fong, or Chinese This book contains 98 double schools, which are not under direct pages. It is printed in excellent foreign supervision, and sundry unstyle and can be obtained at the classed schools, public and private, Presbyterian Mission Press at cost that are under European manageprice, viz, 14 cents per copy.


A special "school attendance officer” having been appointed to assist the inspector, the latter is able to keep a complete and accurate

record of all the schools. From the The Educational Report for 1893. E.

labors of that officer, who is daily J. Eitel, Ph.D. (Tub.), Inspector of Schools and Head of the Education

occupied in visiting the towns and Department (Hongkong).

villages of the colony, applying The island colouy of Hongkong moral suasion to vagrant children is doubly fortunate in having for and their parents and keeping a the superintendent of its educational register of attendance, a certain interests so eminent and energetic amount of increase in the school a man as Dr. Eitel. Its residents, population has resulted. The great. whether of occidental or oriental er part of the notable increase, origin, are much to be congratulated, however, is due to improved me. both on the past progress of the thods of registration. schools under his direction and For 1893 the net increase in the upon the highly satisfactory condi- number of pupils was 329; the tion to which his labors have normal increase of 595 in the Grantbrought them up to the present. in-Aid schools being offset by an ab

The existence in the East of so normal decrease of 356 pupils, due thorough a system of public educa- to the closing of a number of tion is a luminous fact that should

government schools. be of great interest and encourage

Of the total number of children ment to educationists everywhere; (12,123) attending schools during while to the community of Shanghai, the year, one-half were in the 102 which in many other respects is the Grant-in-Aid schools, nearly oneleading foreign settlement in these fifth in the twenty-four government


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schools, more than one-fifth in the ten years a steady improvement
144 Kai-fong schools, and the re- has taken place in this respect in
mainder in the unclassed schools. those schools which are under the

Children attending the Grant-in- supervision of the Educational De-
Aid schools, which are under the partment. The steady increase in
control of various missionary socie- the proportion of girls is a most
ties, European and American, re- cheering fact, as it holds out a
ceive a Christian edacation ; those definite prospect of our attaining

the government schools in soon to a normal condition in this
which, with the exception of Vic- respect.”
toria College and Girls' Central After giving comparative statis-
School, free tuition is given, get tics on this point, the report goes
merely secular instruction.

on to say: "The foregoing figures
Besides the lessons in English prore conclusively that the gradual
which are given in some of the expansion of female education in
schools, an absolutely free educa- the colony is principally due to the
tion in this language is offered by Grant-in-Aid scheme and to
seven missionary schools and five

agency of local missions (italics by
of those supported wholly by the reviewer), and that the only class
government. Free tuition in Chi- of schools which still exhibit shame-
nese is furnished by nearly one ful apathy in relation to the
hundred schools.

interests of female education are
In the matter of expense the the native Kai-fong schools, which
amount paid by the government in are inaccessible to stiinnlation on
1893 was $79,413.84, less school the part of the Education Depart-
fees received, $12,683.06, making a ment."
net expenditure of $66,730.84. If A powerful argument this in
it were not that "comparisons are favor both of missions and of state
odious” a pertinent question just education.
at this point would be, “How much Noting that, in future, Victoria
does the Municipality of Shanghai College and Girls' Central School
expend for the education of its are to be known respectively as
children, native and foreign ?" Queen's College and Belilios' Public

Rigorous efforts toward retrench- School, we close this review by
ment were made by the inspector commending a carefal perusal of the
at the request of the government, able inspector's report to all who
and these resulted in a saving (?) of take any interest in educational af-
about seven thousand dollars, but, fairs, and especially to those whose
as Dr. Eitel very wisely says, in- prospective life and welfare are
crease of expenditure is unavoid- bound up with the future destiny
able in the long run, as schools of Shanghai.
must multiply and expand in pro-

portion to the natural increase of
the population.
At the risk of making this re-

The Story of James Gilmour and the
view too lengthy and perhaps

Mongol Mission, by Mrs. Bryson, of

Tientsin. London: The Sunday School
tedious, we renture to give the

Union, 57 and 59 Ludgate Hill, E. C.
following extracts, as they bear
upon a very important branch of

Some of our readers as they open
the general subject of education :- this little book will see the face of

“ In former times the most a dearly loved friend and realize abnormal feature of the educa- from their own personal experience tional condition of the colony the truth Mrs. Bryson utters in the was the general neglect of female preface that “Gilmour was a man education, But since [for] the last most loved and honored by those

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an in

He was

who knew him best. To fellow- says: “Idoubt ifeven Paul endured workers his life was ever

more for Christ than did James spiration.” We do not wonder that Gilmour. I doubt too if Christ the Mongols on hearing of his death ever received from human bands were bowed down as with a great or hearts more loving service.” His personal sorrow, or that grown up attack upon the language was very Christian men among them “burst

characteristic of the man, and we into tears and sobbed like children.feel a real admiration for that For few indeed of even “missionary

“conscientions old soul ” who was heroes can show such a record of both bis host and teacher. Little suffering, trial and solitude bravely wonder was it that when he found and joyfully borne for Jesus' sake

the " four graves " and the “few as this life of James Gilmour brings converts” of those early days of before us.

mission work his soul was fired The work in Mongolia, to which

afresh with love for the Mongols. he devoted his life, was begun by In Chap. VI Mrs. Bryson gives the London Missionary Society in an amusing incident illustrating 1817. Messrs. Stally brass and his manner of overcoming difficulSwan were permitted to translate ties.

a stranger to the the Bible into the language of the saddle, but deliberately arranged people and to rejoice over a few faith- for a horseback journey of two ful converts to the Truth before hundred miles across the dangerous they received the Imperial sentence desert, and “at the end found of of banishment from the country,

course that

this difficulty had and twenty-five years later this vanished forever." young man, who felt "he had been

In the chapter-“A Missionary saved to save,” by the fireside of Romance -we see him waiting for Mrs. Swan (who was the only sur- his bride in his “rusty overcoat vivor of these early workers in and "large woollen comforter," but Mongolia), received his Master's

together they go forth to endure call and gladly answered : “Here hardness, and for a few years he is am I; send me.”

not alone. A true helpmeet proved A month after he reached North this woman, who went in loving China there occurred the terrible ministry to Mongol tents and massacre of Tieutsin, and fearing Chinese homes, braying danger and war might break out and delay his loneliness, privation and exposure departure for Mongolia he started that she might carry to them the immediately, and with bot“ one or message of Good Tidings. two Mongol sentences he bravely After a few years she " fell asleep faced the desert solitudes" in com- in Jesus,” and again this worker pany with some Russian merchants. was left solitary. He ministered

Now began this life of “day and to both the bodies and souls of the night marches across the vast de- people, and around his “medicine solate desert;” nights in Mongol stand

stand" gathered day after day tents or wretched Chinese inus, hundreds, who soon learned to love cooking his own porridge and tea and trust him. At this time many “if the fire was good and the wind trials pressed heavily apon him, not too high," until in Sept., 1870, and he writes : “If amenities about be settled down in Kiachta to the mission mattters were the only study of the language. He wrote things that troubled me I could of this as a time of great loneliness not stand it. But I am like the and suffering, but intense yearning horse coupers in Scotland who, for souls filled his heart through when a horse falls lame of one foot, all these lonely months, and a insert a pea under the shoe of the colleague writing of him years after other, so that both feet are set to

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