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and in books with fornication and rally used for these purposes, and gambling. Sir Rutherford Alcock,

hence we regard the importation as some time Her Majesty's Minister being wholly prejudicial to the in China, when examined before

well-being of the Chinese people. a Committee of the House of Com

In view of these facts the mons, spoke of "the universality undersigned venture respectfully to of the belief among the Chinese that whenever

takes to

express the earnest hope that the smoking, opium it will probably Royal Commissioners will embody be the impoverishment and rain

in their Report a united recom. of his family, a popular feeling Indian government should imme

mendation to Her Majesty that the which is universal both amongst diately restrict the Indian producthose who are addicted to it, who always consider themselves as moral

tion of opium to the supply of what

is needed for medicinal purposes in criminals, and amongst those who abstain from it.” (See Report, East

India and elsewhere.

With our India Finance, 1871 (363), page

long and sad experience of the 275, 5738). We ourselves have

injurious effects of opium consuinpmet with Chinamen who

tion on the Chinese people we defended the practice as morally

cannot but feel the gravest appreharmless, but we have heard it

hensions as to what the effects of unsparingly condemned by the Chi

the opium habit in other lands nese, times without number. The

are likely to be. We are quite missions with which we are respect

aware that some medical and other ively associated invariably refuse testimony has been given in India, to admit opium-smokers to Church

designed to show that the conmembership, but in so doing they sumption of opium by the peoples are only acting in accordance with

of India is not accompanied with the general sentiment of the Chi.

the same disastrous consequences nese, Christiau und non-Christian

that we have all witnessed for ouralike, which always stigmatizes the

selves in China, but we are glad to habit of opium-smoking as vicious.

know that strony testimony has (3) It is a fact that the opium

also been given in India of a trade, though now no louger con

contrary kind, for we are of opinion traband, is highly injurious, not that a longer and wider range of only to China but also to the fair experience will certainly show that name of Great Britain.

The past opium is as injurious to all other history and the present enormous races as it has been proved to be to extent of the opium trade with

the Chinese. Opium is rightly India produces, as we can testify

can testify classed in England amongst dan. from personal experience, suspicion gerous poisons, and it is so regarded and dislike in the minds of the in other countries, and we cannot Chinese people towards foreigners

believe that what is a dangerous in general. On the other hand, the poison to the greater part of the attitude of hostility towards opium, human race acts only as a harmless which foreign missionaries stimulant on other parts of the known to maintain, is approved


We are convinced that if and duly appreciated by the ever the day should come when Chinese of all classes as we have opium is as widely consumed in often found in our intercourse with

India as it is now in China the the people.

result will be as lamentable there (4) It is an indisputable fact as we know it to be here. that the opium imported from In submitting this memorial, India is neither required for medic

which we believe expresses the inal purposes in China nor gene- opinion of nearly every Protestant


ence on


ence on

missionary in China, without dis- 7.30 p.m. Divine Service, with sermon, tinction of nation or Church, and by the Rev. H. T. Graham, of the U. S. of the whole native Protestant

A. Presbyterian Mission (South), Taka

matsu. Christian community, consisting

Monday, 6th August. now of several tens of thousands of

10—10.45 a.m. Bible Study, by the persons, we beg to say that we are Rev. H. D. Page, of the American Episactuated by feelings of the deepest copal Mission, Osaka, . loyalty to Her Majesty the Em.

10.45-11.30 a.m. Paper and Confer

Christ our Pattern,” to be press of India and by the most

opened by Mr. C. M. Bradbury, Ph. D., profound desire for the truest wel- of the American Methodist Episcopal fare of her Indian dominions, not Church (South), Kobe. less than by the desire to see the

Tuesday, 7th August. curse of opium removed from China. 10-10.45 a.m. Paper and Conference We hold as beyond all shadow of

Missionary Work in Chekiang doubt the conviction that thrones

Province,” to be opened by the Rev. J.

N. Hayes, of the American Presbyterian and dominions are established by

Mission (North), Soochow. righteousness, and that any source 10.45–11.30 a.m. Paper and Confer

ence on

Woman's Work in the Che. of revenue, however large, that is morally indefensible, tends only in

kiang Province," to be opened by Mrs.

Parker, of the American Methodist the end to the weakening of the

Episcopal Church (South), Soochow. empire and the impoverishment of

Wednesday, 8th August. its resources.

10—10.45 a.m. Bible Study, by the (Signed)

Rev. B. W. Waters, of the American J. S. BURDON,

Meth. Epis. Church (South), Hiroshima. Bishop of Victoria, Hongkong.

(1853 10.45–11.30 a.m. Paper and ConferG. E. MOULE,

Christ our Sacrifice,” to be Bi, of the Ch'ch of Eng. in Mid-China, (1858) opened by_the Rev. J. B. Porter, of the WM. MUIRHEAD,

American Presbyterian Mission (North),
Chairman, L. Miss. Society, Shanghai. (1847) Kyoto.

Thursday, 9th August.
London Missionary Society, Hongkong. (1852)
J. Hudson TAYLOR, M.R.C.S.,

10-10.45 a. m. Paper and Conference General Director, C. I, M., Shanghai. (1854)

T'he Growth of the Christian Church GRIPFITн Јону,

in Japan and the Development of its Chairman, L. Miss. Society, Hankow. (1855)

Spiritual Life," by the Rev. A. D. Hail, J. MACGOWAN,

D.D., of the Cumberland Presbyterian London Missionary Society, Amoy. (1860)

Mission, Osaka. H. L. MACKENZIE,

10.45–11.30 a.m. Paper and Confer; Presby. Ch'ch of England Mission, Swatow. (1860)

“ Woman's Work in the Evangel. ARTHUR E. MOULE,

isation of Japan," by Miss Adelaide Archdeacon at Shanghai, Ch'ch M. S. (1861) Daughaday, of the American CongregaJohn R. WOLFE,

tional Board Mission, Tottori. Archdeacon, Ch'ch M. S., Foo-chow-foo. (1862)

Friday, 10th August. DAVID HILL,

10-10.45 a.m. Bible Study, by Mr. W. M. S., Chairman of Wuchang District. (1865) EVAN BRYANT,

Edward Evans, of Shanghai. London Missionary Society, Peking. (1866)

10.45–11.30 a.m. Paper and ConferG. OWEN,

Christ our Leader," to be London Missionary Society, Peking. (1866)

opened by the Rev. W. Wynd, of the J. W. STEVENSON,

Baptist Missionary Union, Osaka. China Inland Mission, Shanghai. (1866)

Saturday, 11th August. JAMES SADLER,

10—10.45 a.m. Bible Study, by Mr. L. M. S., and Pastor of Union Ch'ch, Amoy. (1867)

Edward Evans, of Shanghai.

10.45–11.30 a.m. Paper and ConferOFFICIAL PROGRAMME

"Christ our Life,to be opened CONFERENCE, 1894.

by the Rev. R. E. McAlpine, of the

U. S. A. Presbyterian Mission (South), (As finally settled by the Board of


Sunday, 12th August.
Sunday, 5th August.

10. a.m. Divine Service, with sermon 10. a.m. Divine Service, with sermon by the Rev. C. F. Reid, D.D., of the by the Rev. G. H. Pole, of the Church American Methodist Episcopal Church Missionary Society, Osaka.

(South), Shanghai.


ence on






ence on


7.30 p.m. Consecration Service, with address by the President of the Confer

Note.--1. A prayer meeting, lasting half an hour, will be held daily from Monday to Saturday mornings at halfpast six o'clock.

Note.-2. A devotional meeting, lasting one hour, will be held daily from

Monday to Saturday evenings at halfpast seven o'clock. The subjects and names of conductors of these meetings will be published at Arima before the opening of the Conference.


Hon. Sec. to the Board. Osaka, 10th May, 1894.

Diary of Events in the Far East.


April, 1894. 2nd.- According to an Imperial edict the Throne has consented to the plan of H. E. Hsü Chên-wei, Director-General of the Yellow River, to establish a River Conservancy Bureau at Lu-kou-ch'iao, near Peking, under the presidency of Chow Fu, Provincial Judge of Chihli, with special reference to the Yung-ting river and the Grand Canal which connects with it. The annual sum of Tis. 60,000 is also ordered to be paid for river works, commencing from 1895, by the Board of Re. venue at Lu-kon-ch'iao. One hundred and twenty stations are also ordered to be built about the Yung-ting river for the observance of the safety of the banks.

May, 1894. 1st.--The following is the number of successful candidates for the chinshih or metropolitan degree at the grace exami. nations for 1894, which began ten days ago at Peking. The number of compet. ing chujêns is 6,486. Of this number a little less than 5 per cent have succeed. ed, or 320 men. The following is the order of the provinces from which the new chinshih hail, in respect to num. bers :-Kiangsu 25, Chekiang 25, Chihli 24, Shantung 22, Kiangsi 22, Fukien 20, Hónan 17, Anhui 17, Kuangtung 16, Shengi 14, Hupeh 14, Szechuan 14, Hu. nan 13, Kuangsi 13, Yunnan 12, Kuei. chow 11, Shansi 10, Kanga 9, Manchus 9, Mongols 4, Chinese Bannermen 4, Feng. tien 3, Formosa 2.

-A London telegram says that in the modus vivendi between Russia and China regarding the Pamirs, Russia has made large concessions, and engages not to push troops into the disputed territory until a final treaty has been concluded.

7th. - The pestilential disease which began in Canton appears to become worse day by day. It is now spreading to Honam and Fatshan, where, although not many fatal cases have been reported,

the inhabitants are in a very alarmed state of mind. The authorities have issued proclamations prohibiting the slaughter of pigs and the capture of fish. The symptoms are described as follows:“With or without premonitory warning in the shape of malaise or chill there is a sudden onset of fever rising to 105°, or over. There is much headache and cerebral disturbance, accompanied by stupor. In from 12 to 24 hours in glandular swelling occurs in the neck, armpit, or groin, rapidly enlarging to the size of a fowl's egg; it is hard and ex. ceedingly tender. With or without a decline of the fever the patient sinks deeper into a condition of coma and dies 118ually at the end of 48 hours or sooner, If six days are reached recovery is hope. ful. The glandular swelling shows no signs of suppuration. In some epistaxis or vomiting of blooil occurs; petechlæ appear in a few cases, but no regalar eruption. Such are, briefly, the symptoms at the beginning of the disease.”

14th.– Telegrams received yesterday from Hongkong announce that the drought there continues, and that the epidemic which has been raging at Canton, the black plague, has broken out amongst the Chinese in the colony, and Hongkong has been declared an infected port for one month.

-A fortune-teller at Canton, having given out that the prevalent plague in that city would die away with the approach of the spring solstice the people of Canton, in order to deceive the gods of sickness, made the 1st day of the 4th moon (5th May) their New Year's Day; every ceremony by which the day is celebrated being gone through with scrupulous exactitude.

The local authorities also assisted, in order to kecp up the illusion.

26th.--A telegram received from Hongkong reports :

“Total deaths, 341 ; admissions to-day, respecting the treatment by the Hong18; deaths, 19; under treatment, 73. kong medical officers of plague patients. Three hundred men of Shropshire re- The Governor wired to the Covsul, who giment, in addition to sanitary officers, is demanding the removal of the placards. are employed in a house-to-house visita

At the meeting of the Sanitary Board tion. Chinese are leaving the colony this afternoon Mr. Francis, Chairman in large numbers. Great excitement of the Plague Committee, said he thought prevails amongst the Chinese, but no he could congratulate the Board that outbreaks have taken place. A gun-boat they had succeeded in getting a grip is stationed off Taipingshan. At Canton of the disease and that they were now offensive placards have been posted stamping it out."

Missionary Journal.

At Shanghai, May 21st, Messrs. T. A. P.

CLINTON and R. W. MIDDLETON, from Australia, for C. 1. M.

DEPARTURES. From Shanghai, 22nd April, Mrs. COULING

AT Shanghai, 12th April, Mr. A. W.
also, Mr. A. RYDBERG, to Miss NORD-

STRÖM, all of C. I. M.
At Shanghai Cathedral, on April 24th,

by Rev. W. W. Cassels, B.A., and Rev.
H. C. Hodges, M.A., Dr. F. HOWARD

NESS, both of C. I. M.
At Chinkiang, April 25th, before U. S.

Consul, Mr. 2. C. BEALS, to Mrs. L.
Cassidy, both of the International
Missionary Alliance.

At Chentu, West China, on 9th March,

the wife of H. L. CANRIGAT, M.D., of

Methodist Episcopal Mission, of a son. AT Hon-chong Fu, on the 13th March, the

wife of Dr. Wilson, C. I. M., of a

daughter (Amy Gertrude Wilson). At Ch'eng-ku-hsien, Shensi, April 4th,

the wife of the Rev. ALBERT HY, HUNT.

LEY, C. I. M., of a daughter.
At Fan-cheng, on 13th April, the wife of

Rev. P. MATSON, American Swedish

Mission, of a son.
At Foochow, on 23rd April, the wife of

Dr. H. N. KINNEAR, A. B. C. F. M., of

a daughter.
At Ningpo, ou the 21st April, the wife
of the Rev. J. C. HOARE, of a daughter.

At Shanghai, April 24th, Miss E. BOARD-

MAN, for Presby. Mission (South) and
Dr. and Mrs. FARIES and two children
(returned), of Amer. Presby. Mission,

At Shanghai, 26th April, Rev. J. KEERS,

for Irish Pres. Miss., Manchuria.
At Shanghai, for Canton, 12th May, Dr.

and Mrs. J. G. KERR, of American

Presbyterian Mission.
At Shanghai, 17th May, Rev. and Mrs. J.

WALLEY (returned), for Methodist Epis.
copal Mission, Chungking.

and two children, of English Baptist

Mission, Shantung, for England.
FROM Shanghai, April 26th, Mr. and

Mrs. W. F. LAUGHTON and four child.
ren, Mr. and Mrs. H. N. LACHLAN,
Mrs. COULTHARD and two children,
Misses GRABHAM, J. W. RAMSAY and
BASTONE, Rev. and Mrs. W. W.
CASSELS and children, Mr. and Mrs. T.
M. JAMES and four children, all of C. I.

M., for England.
From Shanghai, April 27th, Miss L. G.

HALE, of M. E. Mission, Tientsin, for

U. S.
FROM Hongkong, 3rd May, Rev. and Mrs.

CHALMERS, and Dr, and Mrs. Swan and
family, American Presbyterian Mission,

for U, S. A. From Shanghai, May 5th, Misses ROBERT.

son and UNDERWOOD, of C. I. M., for England ; also Mrs. EDWARD EVANS, of Missionary Home, Shanghai, and two children ; Mrs. JELLISON and family, Methodist Episcopal Mission, and Rev. C. and Mrs. LEAMAN and two daugh. ters, American Presbyterian Mission,

for U. S. A.
FROM Shanghai, 12th May, Rev. W. H.

Curties and two children and Mrs.
PILCHER, and child, of Methollist Epis-

copal Mission, for U. S. A.
FROM Shanghai, 26th May, Rev. G. A.

STUART, M.D., wife and family, of M. E. Mission ; Dr. and Mrs. E. Woods and child, American Presbyterian Mis. sion (South); also Miss ANDERSON, Rev, and Mrs. J. MURRAY, and family American Presby. Mission, and Rev, and Mrs. J. Goforth and family, and Dr. and Mrs. MCCLURE and family, Canadian Presby. Mission, for U. S. A.

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A Day with Confucius

By Rev. J. H. Laughlin. 311 Pioneer Missionary Work in the Interior of Korea

By Rev. IV..). Hall, v. 314

317 English Baptist Mission, Shepsi Continued Showers of Blessing in Fuhkieu

Ry Rec. William N. Brewster. 322 Juji Ishii, the George Muller of Japan

By Rev. H. Loomis. 326 Educational Department

329 Notes and Iteins

336 Contractions used for naining the Books of Scripture

By Rev. W. Campbell, F.R.G.S. 339 (hristian Endeavor Rally in Foochow

342 Early Buddhism in China ...

By E. H. Parker, Esq. 313 Synodical Missionary Society of China

347 Subscriptions to “ Empress Presentation Fund

348 Correspondence

350 4 Parting Vessage.- Missionary Peril..-wourariul Wural, -A l'oreition.

In Memoriam. Our Book Table

35.) Editorial Comment

361 Diary of Events

363 Missionary Journal...


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