The Logical Foundations of Cognition
This important book presents seminal contributions to the emerging synthesis of logic and cognitive psychology. Logicians, who typically concern themselves with ideal reasoning processes, have rarely crossed paths with cognitive psychologists and their more empirical endeavors. With the introduction of a landmark semantic theory by Gonzalo E. Reyes, however, the fields have somewhat reconciled and together have been fruitful in shedding new light on several issues--for example, on how children may master proper names and count nouns, and thus acquire knowledge. Authored by an outstanding collection of leading theorists and researchers across disciplines, this book details the inadequacies of classical logic in its handling of ordinary language and reveals the prospects for applying a symbiosis of logic and psychology to cognitive psychology, cognitive science, linguistics, the philosophy of language, and logic itself. Both scholarly and engaging, The Logical Foundations of Cognition will be of interest to psychologists, philosophers, linguists, and computer scientists alike.
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I Theoretical Orientation
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adjoint adjoint functors argument arrow ascriptions atomic individual bare particulars basic basic-level kind beliefs Bradford/MIT Press Cambridge categorical logic category theory child codomain cognitive common nouns compositionality concept count noun define definition determinable diagram distinction entity example exportation expressions external semantics fact Fodor Freddie function functor Gladstone grammatical Hahn Husserl identity inference intentional intentionality interpretation intuition language of thought learning linguistic logic of kinds Macnamara and Reyes mass nouns mathematical means mental logic modal models morphism natural language noema notion ostensive definitions Palme Reyes particular passenger perceptual person Philosophy portion possible predicates primitive problem proper name properties propositional attitudes prototype quantifiers Quine referential relation representation Reyes this volume role semantic sense sentence Sherlock Holmes situations sort specify story structure stuff substance syntactic categories syntax terminal object things tion unique University verbs word applied